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Comparison of phenological traits, growth patterns, and seasonal dynamics of non-structural carbohydrate in Mediterranean tree crop species
Year:
2020
Source of publication :
Scientific Reports
Authors :
Sperling, Or
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:

Tixier, A. - UMR 1347 Agroécologie, AgroSup/INRA/uB, Dijon, France;
Guzmán-Delgado, P. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Amico Roxas, A. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Laca, E. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Zwieniecki, M.A. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States

Facilitators :
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:

Despite non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) importance for tree productivity and resilience, little is known about their seasonal regulations and trade-off with growth and reproduction. We characterize the seasonal dynamics of NSC in relation to the aboveground phenology and temporal growth patterns of three deciduous Mediterranean species: almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb), walnut (Juglans regia L.) and pistachio (Pistacia vera L.). Seasonal dynamics of NSC were synchronous between wood tissues from trunk, branches and twigs. Almond had almost identical levels and patterns of NSC variation in twigs, branches and trunks whereas pistachio and walnut exhibited clear concentration differences among plant parts whereby twigs had the highest and most variable NSC concentration, followed by branches and then trunk. While phenology had a significant influence on NSC seasonal trends, there was no clear trade-off between NSC storage and growth suggesting that both were similarly strong sinks for NSC. A temporal trade-off observed at the seasonal scale was influenced by the phenology of the species. We propose that late senescing species experience C allocation trade-off at the end of the growing season because of C-limiting thermal conditions and priority allocation to storage in order to survive winter.

Note:
Related Files :
growth patterns
non-structural carbohydrate
Non-structural carbohydrates
phenological traits
seasonal dynamics
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More details
DOI :
10.1038/s41598-019-57016-3
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
45965
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
28/01/2020 16:13
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Scientific Publication
Comparison of phenological traits, growth patterns, and seasonal dynamics of non-structural carbohydrate in Mediterranean tree crop species
10

Tixier, A. - UMR 1347 Agroécologie, AgroSup/INRA/uB, Dijon, France;
Guzmán-Delgado, P. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Amico Roxas, A. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Laca, E. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States;
Zwieniecki, M.A. - Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States

Comparison of phenological traits, growth patterns, and seasonal dynamics of non-structural carbohydrate in Mediterranean tree crop species

Despite non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) importance for tree productivity and resilience, little is known about their seasonal regulations and trade-off with growth and reproduction. We characterize the seasonal dynamics of NSC in relation to the aboveground phenology and temporal growth patterns of three deciduous Mediterranean species: almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb), walnut (Juglans regia L.) and pistachio (Pistacia vera L.). Seasonal dynamics of NSC were synchronous between wood tissues from trunk, branches and twigs. Almond had almost identical levels and patterns of NSC variation in twigs, branches and trunks whereas pistachio and walnut exhibited clear concentration differences among plant parts whereby twigs had the highest and most variable NSC concentration, followed by branches and then trunk. While phenology had a significant influence on NSC seasonal trends, there was no clear trade-off between NSC storage and growth suggesting that both were similarly strong sinks for NSC. A temporal trade-off observed at the seasonal scale was influenced by the phenology of the species. We propose that late senescing species experience C allocation trade-off at the end of the growing season because of C-limiting thermal conditions and priority allocation to storage in order to survive winter.

Scientific Publication
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