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Molecular Plant Pathology

Iftah Marash - Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel; School of Plant Sciences and Food Security, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Lorena Pizarro - Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel; School of Plant Sciences and Food Security, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. 

Plant immunity is often defined by the immunity hormones: salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), and ethylene (ET). These hormones are well known for differentially regulating defence responses against pathogens. In recent years, the involvement of other plant growth hormones such as auxin, gibberellic acid, abscisic acid, and cytokinins (CKs) in biotic stresses has been recognized. Previous reports have indicated that endogenous and exogenous CK treatment can result in pathogen resistance. We show here that CK induces systemic immunity in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), modulating cellular trafficking of the pattern recognition receptor (PRR) LeEIX2, which mediates immune responses to Xyn11 family xylanases, and promoting resistance to Botrytis cinerea and Oidium neolycopersici in an SA- and ET-dependent mechanism. CK perception within the host underlies its protective effect. Our results support the notion that CK promotes pathogen resistance by inducing immunity in the host.

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Cytokinin response induces immunity and fungal pathogen resistance, and modulates trafficking of the PRR LeEIX2 in tomato

Iftah Marash - Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel; School of Plant Sciences and Food Security, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Lorena Pizarro - Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel; School of Plant Sciences and Food Security, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. 

Cytokinin response induces immunity and fungal pathogen resistance, and modulates trafficking of the PRR LeEIX2 in tomato

Plant immunity is often defined by the immunity hormones: salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), and ethylene (ET). These hormones are well known for differentially regulating defence responses against pathogens. In recent years, the involvement of other plant growth hormones such as auxin, gibberellic acid, abscisic acid, and cytokinins (CKs) in biotic stresses has been recognized. Previous reports have indicated that endogenous and exogenous CK treatment can result in pathogen resistance. We show here that CK induces systemic immunity in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), modulating cellular trafficking of the pattern recognition receptor (PRR) LeEIX2, which mediates immune responses to Xyn11 family xylanases, and promoting resistance to Botrytis cinerea and Oidium neolycopersici in an SA- and ET-dependent mechanism. CK perception within the host underlies its protective effect. Our results support the notion that CK promotes pathogen resistance by inducing immunity in the host.

Scientific Publication
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