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 Michael J McCarthy

The potential for utilizing nuclear magnetic resonance measurements for evaluating the quality of fresh prunes was investigated. In a 2 T magnetic flux density, the chemical shift between proton hydrogens of soluble solids and those of water is less than 100 Hz. The band width of the water resonance spectrum of fruits is relatively large and therefore it is difficult to resolve between the spectral peaks of water and soluble solids. Measurements with a 100 mm Birdcage coil failed to resolve between the resonance peaks of soluble solids and water. Good resolution was achieved with a 20 mm diameter Surface coil. Signals (free induction decay) of 30 sugar prunes were acquired, and the spectra were calculated. Tuning and matching the coil before each measurement were not necessary, and the results were better when the magnetic field was not shimmed. The ratio of the soluble solids peak height to the water peak height correlated well (r = 0.907) with the soluble solids content of the prunes, as estimated by a refractometer.

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Nondestructive quality evaluation of fresh prunes by NMR spectroscopy
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 Michael J McCarthy

Nondestructive quality evaluation of fresh prunes by NMR spectroscopy

The potential for utilizing nuclear magnetic resonance measurements for evaluating the quality of fresh prunes was investigated. In a 2 T magnetic flux density, the chemical shift between proton hydrogens of soluble solids and those of water is less than 100 Hz. The band width of the water resonance spectrum of fruits is relatively large and therefore it is difficult to resolve between the spectral peaks of water and soluble solids. Measurements with a 100 mm Birdcage coil failed to resolve between the resonance peaks of soluble solids and water. Good resolution was achieved with a 20 mm diameter Surface coil. Signals (free induction decay) of 30 sugar prunes were acquired, and the spectra were calculated. Tuning and matching the coil before each measurement were not necessary, and the results were better when the magnetic field was not shimmed. The ratio of the soluble solids peak height to the water peak height correlated well (r = 0.907) with the soluble solids content of the prunes, as estimated by a refractometer.

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