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Zaaroor-Presman, M. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; Robert H. Smith, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.

Alkalai-Tuvia, S.- Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.
Chalupowicz, D. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Beniches, M. - Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Gamliel, A. - Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Fallik, E. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

 

This study examined the effects of stem-pruning and fruit-thinning on the yield of marketable watermelon fruit (>5 kg) and watermelon quality after four days of postharvest storage at 22C (marketing simulation). We examined the fruits from non-grafted and grafted plants (TZ and Nurit rootstocks) for two consecutive years. Grafting increased the number of marketable fruit per m2 . The weight of the average marketable fruit was increased by pruning, but was not affected by thinning or by the choice of rootstock. The level of total soluble solids was higher among fruits from Nurit rootstock. Flesh texture was improved by grafting, but was not affected by thinning or pruning. Thinning improved the taste of the fruit significantly better than stem-pruning did. Grafting (both rootstocks) was associated with crispier fruits. The fruits from Nurit-grafted plants tasted best. The combination of grafting + fruit-thinning increased the fruit lycopene content. The highest levels of vitamin C were found among the fruit from Nurit-grafted plants and the pruned + Nurit-grafted plants, in particular. Overall, fruit quality was affected mainly by grafting onto Nurit rootstock in combination with fruit-thinning and less by stem-pruning. However, not all internal and nutritional quality parameters were significantly affected by the grafting + fruit-thinning treatment. 

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Watermelon rootstock/scion relationships and the effects of fruit-thinning and stem-pruning on yield and postharvest fruit quality
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Zaaroor-Presman, M. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; Robert H. Smith, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.

Alkalai-Tuvia, S.- Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.
Chalupowicz, D. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Beniches, M. - Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Gamliel, A. - Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Fallik, E. - Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

 

Watermelon rootstock/scion relationships and the effects of fruit-thinning and stem-pruning on yield and postharvest fruit quality

This study examined the effects of stem-pruning and fruit-thinning on the yield of marketable watermelon fruit (>5 kg) and watermelon quality after four days of postharvest storage at 22C (marketing simulation). We examined the fruits from non-grafted and grafted plants (TZ and Nurit rootstocks) for two consecutive years. Grafting increased the number of marketable fruit per m2 . The weight of the average marketable fruit was increased by pruning, but was not affected by thinning or by the choice of rootstock. The level of total soluble solids was higher among fruits from Nurit rootstock. Flesh texture was improved by grafting, but was not affected by thinning or pruning. Thinning improved the taste of the fruit significantly better than stem-pruning did. Grafting (both rootstocks) was associated with crispier fruits. The fruits from Nurit-grafted plants tasted best. The combination of grafting + fruit-thinning increased the fruit lycopene content. The highest levels of vitamin C were found among the fruit from Nurit-grafted plants and the pruned + Nurit-grafted plants, in particular. Overall, fruit quality was affected mainly by grafting onto Nurit rootstock in combination with fruit-thinning and less by stem-pruning. However, not all internal and nutritional quality parameters were significantly affected by the grafting + fruit-thinning treatment. 

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