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Soil electrical conductivity (ECa) by the four electrode method was studied in the laboratory as a function of soil water electrical conductivity (ECw) and water content in six soil types. A linear relationship between ECa and ECw was valid only at salinities > 4 mmho/cm. At very low salinity levels the contribution of the surface conductance was not constant and had a higher contribution than ECw to measured ECa. A method for calculating the partial contribution of surface conductance to ECa as a function of ECw and clay content is applied including a correction for dependence on the soil water content.

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Determination of soil solution electrical conductivity from bulk soil electrical conductivity measurements by the four electrode method
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Determination of soil solution electrical conductivity from bulk soil electrical conductivity measurements by the four electrode method

Soil electrical conductivity (ECa) by the four electrode method was studied in the laboratory as a function of soil water electrical conductivity (ECw) and water content in six soil types. A linear relationship between ECa and ECw was valid only at salinities > 4 mmho/cm. At very low salinity levels the contribution of the surface conductance was not constant and had a higher contribution than ECw to measured ECa. A method for calculating the partial contribution of surface conductance to ECa as a function of ECw and clay content is applied including a correction for dependence on the soil water content.

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