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Response of corn and tomato plants to fluoride concentration in solution culture
Year:
1988
Source of publication :
Agronomy Journal
Authors :
Bar-Yosef, Bnayahu
;
.
Rosenberg, Rivka
;
.
Volume :
80
Co-Authors:

B. Bar‐Yosef 

 

R. Rosenberg

Facilitators :
From page:
173
To page:
177
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:

To understand and control the delicate balance between beneficial and detrimental contents of F in plants, the functional relationships between F concentration in ambient solutions and F uptake rate by plants must be known. The objectives of the present work were: (i) to study the effect of F solution concentration (CF) on F content in plants and on the rate of dry matter production and root elongation in young corn (Zea mays L.) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) plants, and (ii) to define fluxes of F uptake versus CF in the two crops. The growth rate (GR) of corn and tomato plants decreased significantly as CF increased from 0.26 to 0.53 and from 0.05 to 0.26 mmol/L, respectively. The root elongation rate (RER) of corn 2 to 7 d old was maximum at CF = 0.26 mmol/L, and decreased when CF was raised to 2.63 mmol F/L. Tomato RER decreased when CF was increased from 0 to 0.53 mmol/L, and was unaffected when CF was raised further to 2.63 mmol/L. The threshold F shoot content at which the GR started to decline was about 12 mg F/kg in both crops. At any CF, F content in the roots exceeded that in the shoots by a factor that varied between 1.2 and 10. The maximal F content in shoots and roots of corn and tomato plants was 54 and 680, and 126 and 1310 mg F/kg, respectively, obtained at a CF of 2.63 mmol/L. The CF had no effect on N, P, and K contents in tomato, but had a suppressive effect on K content in the shoots of corn plants. At a CF between 0.05 and about 3 mmol F/L in the solution, the rate of F uptake per unit root weight (FF) increased exponentially with CF in both test crops, indicating a diffusive F permeation into the roots. At a CF of about 3 mmol F/L, FF of tomato was nearly twice that of corn.

Note:
Related Files :
Fluorine uptake
growth rate
Lycopersicon esculentum L.
roots
shoots
Zea mays L.
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.2134/agronj1988.00021962008000020007x
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
52959
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
03/01/2021 23:39
Scientific Publication
Response of corn and tomato plants to fluoride concentration in solution culture
80

B. Bar‐Yosef 

 

R. Rosenberg

Response of corn and tomato plants to fluoride concentration in solution culture

To understand and control the delicate balance between beneficial and detrimental contents of F in plants, the functional relationships between F concentration in ambient solutions and F uptake rate by plants must be known. The objectives of the present work were: (i) to study the effect of F solution concentration (CF) on F content in plants and on the rate of dry matter production and root elongation in young corn (Zea mays L.) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) plants, and (ii) to define fluxes of F uptake versus CF in the two crops. The growth rate (GR) of corn and tomato plants decreased significantly as CF increased from 0.26 to 0.53 and from 0.05 to 0.26 mmol/L, respectively. The root elongation rate (RER) of corn 2 to 7 d old was maximum at CF = 0.26 mmol/L, and decreased when CF was raised to 2.63 mmol F/L. Tomato RER decreased when CF was increased from 0 to 0.53 mmol/L, and was unaffected when CF was raised further to 2.63 mmol/L. The threshold F shoot content at which the GR started to decline was about 12 mg F/kg in both crops. At any CF, F content in the roots exceeded that in the shoots by a factor that varied between 1.2 and 10. The maximal F content in shoots and roots of corn and tomato plants was 54 and 680, and 126 and 1310 mg F/kg, respectively, obtained at a CF of 2.63 mmol/L. The CF had no effect on N, P, and K contents in tomato, but had a suppressive effect on K content in the shoots of corn plants. At a CF between 0.05 and about 3 mmol F/L in the solution, the rate of F uptake per unit root weight (FF) increased exponentially with CF in both test crops, indicating a diffusive F permeation into the roots. At a CF of about 3 mmol F/L, FF of tomato was nearly twice that of corn.

Scientific Publication
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