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Hyperspectral reflectance and indices for characterizing the dynamics of crop–weed competition for water
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
remote sensing (source)
Authors :
Eizenberg, Hanan
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:
  • Ronay, I..
  • Ephrath, J.E..
  • Eizenberg, H.
  • Blumberg, D.G.
  • Maman, S.
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Understanding the spectral characteristics of crops in response to stress caused by weeds is a basic step in improving the precision of agricultural technologies that manage weeds in the field. This research focused on the competition between corn (Zea mays) and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), a common weed that strongly reduces corn yield. The aim of this research was to characterize the physiological changes that occur in corn during early growth because of crop–weed competition and to examine the ability to detect the effect of competition through hyperspectral measurements. A greenhouse experiment was conducted, and corn plants were examined during early growth, with and without weed competition. Hyperspectral measurements were combined with physiological measurements to examine the reflectance and photosynthetic activity of corn. Changes were expected to appear mainly in the short-wave infrared region (SWIR) due to competition for water. Relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll content, photosynthetic rate, and stomatal conductance were reduced in the presence of weeds, and intercellular CO2 levels increased. Deeper SWIR light absorption occurred in the weed treatment as expected, accompanied by spectral changes in the visible (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) ranges. The results highlight the potential of using spectral measurements as an indicator of competition for water.

Note:
Related Files :
crop–weed competition
hyperspectral indices
Hyperspectral measurements
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More details
DOI :
10.3390/rs13030513
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
53542
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
18/02/2021 00:15
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Scientific Publication
Hyperspectral reflectance and indices for characterizing the dynamics of crop–weed competition for water
  • Ronay, I..
  • Ephrath, J.E..
  • Eizenberg, H.
  • Blumberg, D.G.
  • Maman, S.
Hyperspectral reflectance and indices for characterizing the dynamics of crop–weed competition for water

Understanding the spectral characteristics of crops in response to stress caused by weeds is a basic step in improving the precision of agricultural technologies that manage weeds in the field. This research focused on the competition between corn (Zea mays) and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), a common weed that strongly reduces corn yield. The aim of this research was to characterize the physiological changes that occur in corn during early growth because of crop–weed competition and to examine the ability to detect the effect of competition through hyperspectral measurements. A greenhouse experiment was conducted, and corn plants were examined during early growth, with and without weed competition. Hyperspectral measurements were combined with physiological measurements to examine the reflectance and photosynthetic activity of corn. Changes were expected to appear mainly in the short-wave infrared region (SWIR) due to competition for water. Relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll content, photosynthetic rate, and stomatal conductance were reduced in the presence of weeds, and intercellular CO2 levels increased. Deeper SWIR light absorption occurred in the weed treatment as expected, accompanied by spectral changes in the visible (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) ranges. The results highlight the potential of using spectral measurements as an indicator of competition for water.

Scientific Publication
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