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Crop Protection

Sharon Warburg
Mosaab Yahyaa
Tamar Lahav
Shlomit Medina
Shiri Freilich
Shira Gal
Eric Palevsky
Moshe Inbar
Mwafaq Ibdah

Under reduced solar UV radiation, such as in polycarbonate-covered nurseries, the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is a major pest of all citrus cultivars, while under natural solar radiation, only sensitive cultivars are infested. We hypothesized that citrus resistance to T. urticae is induced by UV. We infested seedlings of Citrus volkameriana rootstock with T. urticae under natural and under UV-screened solar radiation, along with non-infested control seedlings. We then monitored the establishment of the spider mites and analyzed the volatile leaf profile using GC-MS. The density of spider mites was reduced dramatically on seedlings exposed to solar UV. Overall, ninety volatile compounds (47 monoterpenes, 35 sesquiterpenes, and 8 aldehydes) were detected in the leaves, many of them known to be herbivore-induced and/or UV enhanced. Their levels were affected not only by solar UV radiation or by mite infestation independently. Synergistic interaction of these two factors resulted in 90% of the volatiles suppressed by T. urticae infestation in the absence of UV radiation. This suggests that plant induced resistance is dependent on exposure to UV radiation.

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UV-induced citrus resistance to spider mites (Tetranychus urticae)
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Sharon Warburg
Mosaab Yahyaa
Tamar Lahav
Shlomit Medina
Shiri Freilich
Shira Gal
Eric Palevsky
Moshe Inbar
Mwafaq Ibdah

UV-induced citrus resistance to spider mites (Tetranychus urticae)

Under reduced solar UV radiation, such as in polycarbonate-covered nurseries, the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is a major pest of all citrus cultivars, while under natural solar radiation, only sensitive cultivars are infested. We hypothesized that citrus resistance to T. urticae is induced by UV. We infested seedlings of Citrus volkameriana rootstock with T. urticae under natural and under UV-screened solar radiation, along with non-infested control seedlings. We then monitored the establishment of the spider mites and analyzed the volatile leaf profile using GC-MS. The density of spider mites was reduced dramatically on seedlings exposed to solar UV. Overall, ninety volatile compounds (47 monoterpenes, 35 sesquiterpenes, and 8 aldehydes) were detected in the leaves, many of them known to be herbivore-induced and/or UV enhanced. Their levels were affected not only by solar UV radiation or by mite infestation independently. Synergistic interaction of these two factors resulted in 90% of the volatiles suppressed by T. urticae infestation in the absence of UV radiation. This suggests that plant induced resistance is dependent on exposure to UV radiation.

Scientific Publication
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