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All-male production by marker-assisted selection for sex determining loci of admixed Oreochromis niloticus and Oreochromis aureus stocks
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Animal Genetics
Authors :
Curzon, Arie
;
.
Dor, Lior
;
.
Ron, Micha
;
.
Seroussi, Eyal
;
.
Shirak, Andrey
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:
  • Curzon, A.Y.
  • Shirak, A.
  • Zak, T.
  • Dor, L.
  • Benet-Perlberg, A.
  • Naor, A.
  • Low-Tanne, S.I.
  • Sharkawi, H.
  • Ron, M.
  • Seroussi, E.
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Crossing Oreochromis niloticus (On) females with Oreochromis aureus (Oa) males results in all-male progeny that are essential for effective tilapia farming. However, a reproductive barrier between these species limits mating and mass-fry production. One approach to overcoming this barrier is to select parental stocks of mixed genetic backgrounds, which allow interspecific reproductive recognition, while closely maintaining the genetic profiles for sex-determination (SD) of the respective purebred species. Here, we test this approach in a data set of 160 On × Oa spawns of 109 male and 100 female parents randomly collected from admixed stocks, and genotyped for microsatellite markers representing the known SD loci on linkage groups (LGs) 1, 3, and 23. Following crossbreeding, the most significant paternal effects on male proportions in progeny were found for LG1-BYL018 (P < 2 × 10−32) and for LG3-UNH168 × LG23-UNH898 interaction (P < 1 × 10−17; R2 = 0.98). Furthermore, a maternal effect for LG3-UNH168 (P < 9 × 10−7) was associated with low female proportions in progeny (<7%), indicating a non-Mendelian effect on SD. Eighty-four males (77%) and 30 females (30%) were selected as parents, based on their genetic profiles for the SD loci that were associated with male production. Of these, 51 of 53 crosses produced all-male progeny, while two crosses had low female proportions in their progeny (<4%). This suggests that selection could be improved using the causative sequence variation underlying SD on LG3, since the large non-recombining block of the SD region in purebred Oa readily breaks down in hybrids. Nevertheless, marker-assisted selection for sex determining loci of admixed parental stocks may be used for all-male production. 

Note:
Related Files :
admixture
all-male progeny
Marker-assisted selection
Oreochromis species
Sex-determination
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/age.13057
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Article in press
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
54476
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
07/04/2021 22:41
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
All-male production by marker-assisted selection for sex determining loci of admixed Oreochromis niloticus and Oreochromis aureus stocks
  • Curzon, A.Y.
  • Shirak, A.
  • Zak, T.
  • Dor, L.
  • Benet-Perlberg, A.
  • Naor, A.
  • Low-Tanne, S.I.
  • Sharkawi, H.
  • Ron, M.
  • Seroussi, E.

Crossing Oreochromis niloticus (On) females with Oreochromis aureus (Oa) males results in all-male progeny that are essential for effective tilapia farming. However, a reproductive barrier between these species limits mating and mass-fry production. One approach to overcoming this barrier is to select parental stocks of mixed genetic backgrounds, which allow interspecific reproductive recognition, while closely maintaining the genetic profiles for sex-determination (SD) of the respective purebred species. Here, we test this approach in a data set of 160 On × Oa spawns of 109 male and 100 female parents randomly collected from admixed stocks, and genotyped for microsatellite markers representing the known SD loci on linkage groups (LGs) 1, 3, and 23. Following crossbreeding, the most significant paternal effects on male proportions in progeny were found for LG1-BYL018 (P < 2 × 10−32) and for LG3-UNH168 × LG23-UNH898 interaction (P < 1 × 10−17; R2 = 0.98). Furthermore, a maternal effect for LG3-UNH168 (P < 9 × 10−7) was associated with low female proportions in progeny (<7%), indicating a non-Mendelian effect on SD. Eighty-four males (77%) and 30 females (30%) were selected as parents, based on their genetic profiles for the SD loci that were associated with male production. Of these, 51 of 53 crosses produced all-male progeny, while two crosses had low female proportions in their progeny (<4%). This suggests that selection could be improved using the causative sequence variation underlying SD on LG3, since the large non-recombining block of the SD region in purebred Oa readily breaks down in hybrids. Nevertheless, marker-assisted selection for sex determining loci of admixed parental stocks may be used for all-male production. 

Scientific Publication
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