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Topical application of double-stranded RNA molecules deriving from Tomato yellow leaf curl virus reduces cognate virus infection in tomato
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Biologia Plantarum
Authors :
Lapidot, Moshe
;
.
Volume :
65
Co-Authors:

O. MELITA
A. KALDIS
M. BERBATI
C. REPPA
M. HOLEVA
M. LAPIDOT
D. GELBART
P. OTTEN
A. VOLOUDAKIS
 

Facilitators :
From page:
100
To page:
110
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a whitefly-transmitted single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus, causes the most important viral disease of tomato worldwide. TYLCV-mediated disease is mainly controlled via extensive insecticide sprays aiming at the whitefly vector. RNA-based vaccination was proven to be a non-transgenic approach leading to efficient plant virus control. In this work, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules deriving from sequences of the C4 and V2 genes of TYLCV-Mild were produced in vitro and topically applied onto tomato plants along with the virus (via agroinfiltration). DsC4 and dsV2 application reduced disease incidence to 23 and 46 %, respectively, while TYLCV positive control reached 64 %. Bioinformatics analysis of the virus-specific small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) from TYLCV-infected tomato revealed ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ spots in the TYLCV-Mild genome. Interestingly, the viral C-strand had twofold siRNA reads when compared to that of the V-strand. Overall, vsiRNAs of negative and positive polarity were almost equal (53.5 vs. 46.6 %); vsiRNAs of negative polarity prevailed at the V-strand. Stem-loop RT-PCR validated the presence of six vsiRNAs (hot or cold spots) in TYLCV-Mild-infected and dsRNA-treated tomato. The exogenously applied dsRNA was found to rapidly move systemically in tomato and was detected for 54 days post treatment (dpt). The applied dsRNA molecules were successfully processed by the Dicer-like proteins (DCLs) in tomato since small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) deriving from the dsRNA were detected for at least 54 dpt. This consists the first report of dsRNA-based vaccination applied against a monopartite geminivirus.
 

Note:
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More details
DOI :
10.32615/bp.2020.172
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Google Scholar
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
55602
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
14/07/2021 16:41
Scientific Publication
Topical application of double-stranded RNA molecules deriving from Tomato yellow leaf curl virus reduces cognate virus infection in tomato
65

O. MELITA
A. KALDIS
M. BERBATI
C. REPPA
M. HOLEVA
M. LAPIDOT
D. GELBART
P. OTTEN
A. VOLOUDAKIS
 

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a whitefly-transmitted single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus, causes the most important viral disease of tomato worldwide. TYLCV-mediated disease is mainly controlled via extensive insecticide sprays aiming at the whitefly vector. RNA-based vaccination was proven to be a non-transgenic approach leading to efficient plant virus control. In this work, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules deriving from sequences of the C4 and V2 genes of TYLCV-Mild were produced in vitro and topically applied onto tomato plants along with the virus (via agroinfiltration). DsC4 and dsV2 application reduced disease incidence to 23 and 46 %, respectively, while TYLCV positive control reached 64 %. Bioinformatics analysis of the virus-specific small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) from TYLCV-infected tomato revealed ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ spots in the TYLCV-Mild genome. Interestingly, the viral C-strand had twofold siRNA reads when compared to that of the V-strand. Overall, vsiRNAs of negative and positive polarity were almost equal (53.5 vs. 46.6 %); vsiRNAs of negative polarity prevailed at the V-strand. Stem-loop RT-PCR validated the presence of six vsiRNAs (hot or cold spots) in TYLCV-Mild-infected and dsRNA-treated tomato. The exogenously applied dsRNA was found to rapidly move systemically in tomato and was detected for 54 days post treatment (dpt). The applied dsRNA molecules were successfully processed by the Dicer-like proteins (DCLs) in tomato since small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) deriving from the dsRNA were detected for at least 54 dpt. This consists the first report of dsRNA-based vaccination applied against a monopartite geminivirus.
 

Scientific Publication
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