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Brackish groundwater membrane system design for sustainable irrigation: optimal configuration selection using analytic hierarchy process and multi-dimension scaling
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Frontiers in Environmental Science
Authors :
Lew, Beni
;
.
Volume :
2
Co-Authors:

Trachtengertz Lolita, Ratsin Shany, Oron Gideon, Bick Amos

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

The recent high demands for reuse of salty water for irrigation affected membrane producers to assess new potential technologies for undesirable physical, chemical, and biological contaminants removal. This paper studies the assembly options by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) model and the multi-dimension scaling (MDS) techniques. A specialized form of MDS (CoPlot software) enables presentation of the AHP outcomes in a two dimensional space and the optimal model can be visualized clearly. Four types of 8” membranes were selected: (i) Nanofiltration low rejection and high flux (ESNA1-LF-LD, 86% rejection, 10,500 gpd); (ii) Nanofiltration medium rejection and medium flux (ESNA1-LF2-LD, 91% rejection, 8200 gpd); (iii) Reverse Osmosis high rejection and high flux (CPA5-MAX, 99.7 rejection, 12,000 gpd); and (iv) Reverse Osmosis medium rejection and extreme high flux (ESPA4-MAX, 99.2 rejection, 13,200 gpd). The results indicate that: (i) Nanofiltration membrane (High flux and Low rejection) can produce water for irrigation with valuable levels of nutrient ions and a reduction in the sodium absorption ratio (SAR), minimizing soil salinity; this is an attractive option for agricultural irrigation and is the optimal solution; and (ii) implementing the MDS approach with reference to the variables is consequently useful to characterize membrane system design.

Note:
Related Files :
Brackish groundwater
irrigation
saline water
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More details
DOI :
10.3389/fenvs.2014.00056
Article number:
56
Affiliations:
Database:
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
55898
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
15/08/2021 13:33
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Brackish groundwater membrane system design for sustainable irrigation: optimal configuration selection using analytic hierarchy process and multi-dimension scaling
2

Trachtengertz Lolita, Ratsin Shany, Oron Gideon, Bick Amos

Brackish groundwater membrane system design for sustainable irrigation: optimal configuration selection using analytic hierarchy process and multi-dimension scaling

The recent high demands for reuse of salty water for irrigation affected membrane producers to assess new potential technologies for undesirable physical, chemical, and biological contaminants removal. This paper studies the assembly options by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) model and the multi-dimension scaling (MDS) techniques. A specialized form of MDS (CoPlot software) enables presentation of the AHP outcomes in a two dimensional space and the optimal model can be visualized clearly. Four types of 8” membranes were selected: (i) Nanofiltration low rejection and high flux (ESNA1-LF-LD, 86% rejection, 10,500 gpd); (ii) Nanofiltration medium rejection and medium flux (ESNA1-LF2-LD, 91% rejection, 8200 gpd); (iii) Reverse Osmosis high rejection and high flux (CPA5-MAX, 99.7 rejection, 12,000 gpd); and (iv) Reverse Osmosis medium rejection and extreme high flux (ESPA4-MAX, 99.2 rejection, 13,200 gpd). The results indicate that: (i) Nanofiltration membrane (High flux and Low rejection) can produce water for irrigation with valuable levels of nutrient ions and a reduction in the sodium absorption ratio (SAR), minimizing soil salinity; this is an attractive option for agricultural irrigation and is the optimal solution; and (ii) implementing the MDS approach with reference to the variables is consequently useful to characterize membrane system design.

Scientific Publication
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