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The Potential Application of Endophytes in Management of Stress from Drought and Salinity in Crop Plants
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Authors :
Droby, Samir
;
.
Kumar, Ajay
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Hariom Verma,
Dharmendra Kumar

Vinod Kumar

Madhuree Kumari

Sandeep Kumar Singh

Vijay Kumar Sharma
 
Samir Droby
Gustavo Santoyo
James F. White
Ajay Kumar

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Endophytic microorganisms present inside the host plant play an essential role in host fitness, nutrient supply and stress tolerance. Endophytes are often used in sustainable agriculture as biofertilizers, biopesticides and as inoculants to mitigate abiotic stresses including salinity, drought, cold and pH variation in the soil. In changing climatic conditions, abiotic stresses create global challenges to achieve optimum crop yields in agricultural production. Plants experience stress conditions that involve endogenous boosting of their immune system or the overexpression of their defensive redox regulatory systems with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, rising stress factors overwhelm the natural redox protection systems of plants, which leads to massive internal oxidative damage and death. Endophytes are an integral internal partner of hosts and have been shown to mitigate abiotic stresses via modulating local or systemic mechanisms and producing antioxidants to counteract ROS in plants. Advancements in omics and other technologies have been made, but potential application of endophytes remains largely unrealized. In this review article, we will discuss the diversity, population and interaction of endophytes with crop plants as well as potential applications in abiotic stress management.

Note:
Related Files :
abiotic stress
endophytes
Plant defense system
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)
Stress genes
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.3390/microorganisms9081729
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
56052
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
23/08/2021 16:53
Scientific Publication
The Potential Application of Endophytes in Management of Stress from Drought and Salinity in Crop Plants

Hariom Verma,
Dharmendra Kumar

Vinod Kumar

Madhuree Kumari

Sandeep Kumar Singh

Vijay Kumar Sharma
 
Samir Droby
Gustavo Santoyo
James F. White
Ajay Kumar

Endophytic microorganisms present inside the host plant play an essential role in host fitness, nutrient supply and stress tolerance. Endophytes are often used in sustainable agriculture as biofertilizers, biopesticides and as inoculants to mitigate abiotic stresses including salinity, drought, cold and pH variation in the soil. In changing climatic conditions, abiotic stresses create global challenges to achieve optimum crop yields in agricultural production. Plants experience stress conditions that involve endogenous boosting of their immune system or the overexpression of their defensive redox regulatory systems with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, rising stress factors overwhelm the natural redox protection systems of plants, which leads to massive internal oxidative damage and death. Endophytes are an integral internal partner of hosts and have been shown to mitigate abiotic stresses via modulating local or systemic mechanisms and producing antioxidants to counteract ROS in plants. Advancements in omics and other technologies have been made, but potential application of endophytes remains largely unrealized. In this review article, we will discuss the diversity, population and interaction of endophytes with crop plants as well as potential applications in abiotic stress management.

Scientific Publication
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