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Shunli Hu, 
Guiping Liu, 
Long Zhang, 
Yufeng Gan, 
Baozhan Wang, 
Shiri Freilich, 
Jiandong Jiang

rac-Dichlorprop, a commonly used phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicide, is frequently detected in environments and poses threats to environmental safety and human health. Microbial consortia are thought to play key roles in rac-dichlorprop degradation. However, the compositions of the microbial consortia involved in rac-dichlorprop degradation remain largely unknown. In this study, DNA stable isotope probing (SIP) and metagenomic analysis were integrated to reveal the key microbial consortium responsible for rac-dichlorprop degradation in a rac-dichlorprop-degrading enrichment. OTU340 (Sphingobium sp.) and OTU348 (Sphingopyxis sp.) were significantly enriched in the rac-[13C]dichlorprop-labeled heavy DNA fractions. A rac-dichlorprop degrader, Sphingobium sp. strain L3, was isolated from the enrichment by a traditional enrichment method but with additional supplementation of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which was instructed by metagenomic analysis of the associations between rac-dichlorprop degraders and antibiotic resistance genes. As revealed by functional profiling of the metagenomes of the heavy DNA, the genes rdpA and sdpA, involved in the initial degradation of the (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of dichlorprop, respectively, were mostly taxonomically assigned to Sphingobium species, indicating that Sphingopyxis species might harbor novel dichlorprop-degrading genes. In addition, taxonomically diverse bacterial genera such as DyellaSphingomonas, Pseudomonas, and Achromobacter were presumed to synergistically cooperate with the key degraders Sphingobium/Sphingopyxis for enhanced degradation of rac-dichlorprop.

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A Synergistic Consortium Involved in rac-Dichlorprop Degradation as Revealed by DNA Stable Isotope Probing and Metagenomic Analysis
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Shunli Hu, 
Guiping Liu, 
Long Zhang, 
Yufeng Gan, 
Baozhan Wang, 
Shiri Freilich, 
Jiandong Jiang

A Synergistic Consortium Involved in rac-Dichlorprop Degradation as Revealed by DNA Stable Isotope Probing and Metagenomic Analysis

rac-Dichlorprop, a commonly used phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicide, is frequently detected in environments and poses threats to environmental safety and human health. Microbial consortia are thought to play key roles in rac-dichlorprop degradation. However, the compositions of the microbial consortia involved in rac-dichlorprop degradation remain largely unknown. In this study, DNA stable isotope probing (SIP) and metagenomic analysis were integrated to reveal the key microbial consortium responsible for rac-dichlorprop degradation in a rac-dichlorprop-degrading enrichment. OTU340 (Sphingobium sp.) and OTU348 (Sphingopyxis sp.) were significantly enriched in the rac-[13C]dichlorprop-labeled heavy DNA fractions. A rac-dichlorprop degrader, Sphingobium sp. strain L3, was isolated from the enrichment by a traditional enrichment method but with additional supplementation of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which was instructed by metagenomic analysis of the associations between rac-dichlorprop degraders and antibiotic resistance genes. As revealed by functional profiling of the metagenomes of the heavy DNA, the genes rdpA and sdpA, involved in the initial degradation of the (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of dichlorprop, respectively, were mostly taxonomically assigned to Sphingobium species, indicating that Sphingopyxis species might harbor novel dichlorprop-degrading genes. In addition, taxonomically diverse bacterial genera such as DyellaSphingomonas, Pseudomonas, and Achromobacter were presumed to synergistically cooperate with the key degraders Sphingobium/Sphingopyxis for enhanced degradation of rac-dichlorprop.

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