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Post-Hatch Performance of Broilers Following Hypoxic Exposure During Incubation Under Suboptimal Environmental Temperature
Year:
2022
Source of publication :
Frontiers in Physiology
Authors :
Druyan, Shelly
;
.
Ruzal, Mark
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

A. Haron, 
D. Shinder, 
M. Ruzal
S. Druyan

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

The modern broiler is selected to exploit its full genetic potential, to sustain a rapid growth rate, and to lower the feed conversion rate (FCR). Recently reported reductions in FCR have been associated with augmented tissue formation at the expense of physiological functions such as thermoregulation. In turn, modern broilers exhibit a relatively low capability to balance energy expenditure under suboptimal ambient temperature. Hypoxic conditions at late incubation stages play a role in reforming metabolic plasticity. This work examined the effect of exposure to 12-h hypoxia (12H; 17% O2) for three consecutive days (from E16 through E18), or continuous hypoxia exposure for 48 h (48H), from E16 through E17, as compared to standard incubation (21% O2) on post-hatch performance of broilers maintained under suboptimal ambient temperatures (cold, hot, and diurnal cyclic ambient temperature). 12H chicks kept under hot ambient temperature had significantly lower body temperature (Tb) as compared to the control chicks. On day 42, both 12H and 48H chicks grown in the cyclic temperature room had significantly lower Tbs than controls. In parallel, from week 4, onward, 12H chicks had a significantly lower FCR than controls, and the 48H chicks demonstrated a lower FCR from week 5 and on. 12H and 48H broilers maintained under diurnal cyclic ambient temperature, exhibited significantly greater relative breast muscle weight, and a similar pattern was found in hypoxic broilers raised under standard and hot ambient temperatures. Hypoxic manipulation affects and create an adaptive bias in allocating metabolic energy between maintenance and growth, thus resulting in improved broiler performance, thermoregulation, and rearing under suboptimal environmental temperature.

Note:
Related Files :
broiler performance
embryonic development
hypoxia
incubation
metabolism
thermoregulation
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.3389/fphys.2022.934676
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
61519
Last updated date:
22/08/2022 17:09
Creation date:
22/08/2022 14:20
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Scientific Publication
Post-Hatch Performance of Broilers Following Hypoxic Exposure During Incubation Under Suboptimal Environmental Temperature

A. Haron, 
D. Shinder, 
M. Ruzal
S. Druyan

Post-Hatch Performance of Broilers Following Hypoxic Exposure During Incubation Under Suboptimal Environmental Temperature

The modern broiler is selected to exploit its full genetic potential, to sustain a rapid growth rate, and to lower the feed conversion rate (FCR). Recently reported reductions in FCR have been associated with augmented tissue formation at the expense of physiological functions such as thermoregulation. In turn, modern broilers exhibit a relatively low capability to balance energy expenditure under suboptimal ambient temperature. Hypoxic conditions at late incubation stages play a role in reforming metabolic plasticity. This work examined the effect of exposure to 12-h hypoxia (12H; 17% O2) for three consecutive days (from E16 through E18), or continuous hypoxia exposure for 48 h (48H), from E16 through E17, as compared to standard incubation (21% O2) on post-hatch performance of broilers maintained under suboptimal ambient temperatures (cold, hot, and diurnal cyclic ambient temperature). 12H chicks kept under hot ambient temperature had significantly lower body temperature (Tb) as compared to the control chicks. On day 42, both 12H and 48H chicks grown in the cyclic temperature room had significantly lower Tbs than controls. In parallel, from week 4, onward, 12H chicks had a significantly lower FCR than controls, and the 48H chicks demonstrated a lower FCR from week 5 and on. 12H and 48H broilers maintained under diurnal cyclic ambient temperature, exhibited significantly greater relative breast muscle weight, and a similar pattern was found in hypoxic broilers raised under standard and hot ambient temperatures. Hypoxic manipulation affects and create an adaptive bias in allocating metabolic energy between maintenance and growth, thus resulting in improved broiler performance, thermoregulation, and rearing under suboptimal environmental temperature.

Scientific Publication
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