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Using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 imagery for estimating cotton crop coefficient, height, and Leaf Area Index
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Agricultural Water Management
Authors :
Kaplan, Gregoriy
;
.
Lukyanov, Victor
;
.
Rozenstein, Offer
;
.
Tanny, Josef
;
.
Volume :
276
Co-Authors:

Gregoriy Kaplan

Lior Fine

Victor Lukyanov

Nitzan Malachy

Josef Tanny

Offer Rozenstein

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

In cotton, an optimal balance between vegetative and reproductive growth will lead to high yields and water-use efficiency. Remote sensing estimations of vegetation variables such as crop coefficient (Kc), Leaf Area Index (LAI), and crop height during plant development can improve irrigation management. Optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite imagery can be a useful data source since they provide synoptic cover at fixed time intervals. Furthermore, they can better capture the spatial variability in the field compared to point measurements. Since clouds limit optical observations at times, the combination with SAR can provide information during cloudy periods. This study utilized optical imagery acquired by Sentinel-2 and SAR imagery acquired by Sentinel-1 over cotton fields in Israel. The Sentinel-2-based vegetation indices that are best suited for cotton monitoring were identified, and the most robust Sentinel-2 models for Kc, LAI, and height estimation achieved R2 = 0.879, RMSE= 0.0645 (MERIS Terrestrial Chlorophyll Index, MTCI); R2 = 0.9535, RMSE= 0.8 (MTCI); and R2 = 0.8883, RMSE= 10 cm (Enhanced Vegetation Index, EVI), respectively. Additionally, a model based on the output of the SNAP Biophysical Processor LAI estimation algorithm was superior to the empirical LAI models of the best-performing vegetation indices (R2 =0.9717, RMSE=0.6). The most robust Sentinel-1 models were obtained by applying an innovative local incidence angle normalization method with R2 = 0.7913, RMSE= 0.0925; R2 = 0.6699, RMSE= 2.3; R2 = 0.6586, RMSE= 18 cm for the Kc, LAI, and height estimation, respectively. This work paves the way for future studies to design decision support systems for better irrigation management in cotton, even at the sub-plot level, by monitoring the heterogeneous development of the crop from space and adapting the irrigation accordingly to reach the target development at different growth stages during the season.

Note:
Related Files :
Crop coefficient
eddy covariance
Leaf area index (LAI)
Synthetic aperture radar
Vegetation indices
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.agwat.2022.108056
Article number:
108056
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
62693
Last updated date:
11/12/2022 15:27
Creation date:
11/12/2022 15:27
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Scientific Publication
Using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 imagery for estimating cotton crop coefficient, height, and Leaf Area Index
276

Gregoriy Kaplan

Lior Fine

Victor Lukyanov

Nitzan Malachy

Josef Tanny

Offer Rozenstein

Using Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 imagery for estimating cotton crop coefficient, height, and Leaf Area Index

In cotton, an optimal balance between vegetative and reproductive growth will lead to high yields and water-use efficiency. Remote sensing estimations of vegetation variables such as crop coefficient (Kc), Leaf Area Index (LAI), and crop height during plant development can improve irrigation management. Optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite imagery can be a useful data source since they provide synoptic cover at fixed time intervals. Furthermore, they can better capture the spatial variability in the field compared to point measurements. Since clouds limit optical observations at times, the combination with SAR can provide information during cloudy periods. This study utilized optical imagery acquired by Sentinel-2 and SAR imagery acquired by Sentinel-1 over cotton fields in Israel. The Sentinel-2-based vegetation indices that are best suited for cotton monitoring were identified, and the most robust Sentinel-2 models for Kc, LAI, and height estimation achieved R2 = 0.879, RMSE= 0.0645 (MERIS Terrestrial Chlorophyll Index, MTCI); R2 = 0.9535, RMSE= 0.8 (MTCI); and R2 = 0.8883, RMSE= 10 cm (Enhanced Vegetation Index, EVI), respectively. Additionally, a model based on the output of the SNAP Biophysical Processor LAI estimation algorithm was superior to the empirical LAI models of the best-performing vegetation indices (R2 =0.9717, RMSE=0.6). The most robust Sentinel-1 models were obtained by applying an innovative local incidence angle normalization method with R2 = 0.7913, RMSE= 0.0925; R2 = 0.6699, RMSE= 2.3; R2 = 0.6586, RMSE= 18 cm for the Kc, LAI, and height estimation, respectively. This work paves the way for future studies to design decision support systems for better irrigation management in cotton, even at the sub-plot level, by monitoring the heterogeneous development of the crop from space and adapting the irrigation accordingly to reach the target development at different growth stages during the season.

Scientific Publication
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