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Estimation of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Using Flux Variance Method under Unstable Conditions: A Case Study of Tea Plants
Year:
2022
Source of publication :
atmosphere
Authors :
Tanny, Josef
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Noman Ali Buttar

Yongguang Hu

Josef Tanny

Ali Raza

Yasir Niaz

Muhammad Imran Khan

Naeem Saddique

Abid Sarwar

Ahmad Azeem

Fiaz Ahmed

Muhammad Bilal Idrees

 

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Evapotranspiration is essential for precise irrigation and water resource management. Previous literature suggested that eddy covariance (EC) systems could directly measure evapotranspiration in agricultural fields. However, the eddy covariance method remains difficult for routine use, due to its high cost, operational complexity, and relatively multifaceted raw data processing. An alternative method is the flux variance (FV) method, which can estimate the sensible heat flux using high-frequency air temperature measurements by fine-wire thermocouples, at relatively low-cost and with less complexity. Additional measurements of the net radiation and soil heat flux permit the extraction of latent heat flux through the energy balance closure equation. This study examined the performance of the FV method and the results were compared against direct eddy covariance measurements. Data were collected from November 2018 to July 2019, covering seasonal variations. Due to the method’s limitation, only the data under unstable conditions were used for the analysis and days with rainfall were omitted. The results showed that the FV-estimated sensible heat flux was in good agreement with that of eddy covariance in the seasons of winter 2018 and summer 2019. The best agreement between the estimated and measured sensible heat fluxes was observed in the summer, with R2 = 0.83, RMSE = 34.97 Wm−2 and RE = 8.20%. The FV extracted latent heat flux was in good agreement with that measured by EC for both seasons. The best result was obtained in the summer, with R2 = 0.92, RMSE = 23.12 Wm−2, and RE = 6.37%. Overall estimations of sensible and latent heat fluxes by the FV method were in close relation with the eddy covariance data.

Note:
Related Files :
flux variance
latent heat flux
Monin–Obukhov similarity theory
sensible heat flux
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More details
DOI :
10.3390/atmos13101545
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
62722
Last updated date:
12/12/2022 16:07
Creation date:
12/12/2022 15:44
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Scientific Publication
Estimation of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Using Flux Variance Method under Unstable Conditions: A Case Study of Tea Plants

Noman Ali Buttar

Yongguang Hu

Josef Tanny

Ali Raza

Yasir Niaz

Muhammad Imran Khan

Naeem Saddique

Abid Sarwar

Ahmad Azeem

Fiaz Ahmed

Muhammad Bilal Idrees

 

Estimation of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Using Flux Variance Method under Unstable Conditions: A Case Study of Tea Plants

Evapotranspiration is essential for precise irrigation and water resource management. Previous literature suggested that eddy covariance (EC) systems could directly measure evapotranspiration in agricultural fields. However, the eddy covariance method remains difficult for routine use, due to its high cost, operational complexity, and relatively multifaceted raw data processing. An alternative method is the flux variance (FV) method, which can estimate the sensible heat flux using high-frequency air temperature measurements by fine-wire thermocouples, at relatively low-cost and with less complexity. Additional measurements of the net radiation and soil heat flux permit the extraction of latent heat flux through the energy balance closure equation. This study examined the performance of the FV method and the results were compared against direct eddy covariance measurements. Data were collected from November 2018 to July 2019, covering seasonal variations. Due to the method’s limitation, only the data under unstable conditions were used for the analysis and days with rainfall were omitted. The results showed that the FV-estimated sensible heat flux was in good agreement with that of eddy covariance in the seasons of winter 2018 and summer 2019. The best agreement between the estimated and measured sensible heat fluxes was observed in the summer, with R2 = 0.83, RMSE = 34.97 Wm−2 and RE = 8.20%. The FV extracted latent heat flux was in good agreement with that measured by EC for both seasons. The best result was obtained in the summer, with R2 = 0.92, RMSE = 23.12 Wm−2, and RE = 6.37%. Overall estimations of sensible and latent heat fluxes by the FV method were in close relation with the eddy covariance data.

Scientific Publication
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