נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Xylem conduit deformation across vascular plants: an evolutionary spandrel or protective valve?
Year:
2022
Source of publication :
New Phytologist
Authors :
Hochberg, Uri
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Yong-Jiang Zhang 
Uri Hochberg
Fulton E Rockwell
Alexandre Ponomarenko
Ya-Jun Chen
Anju Manandhar
Adam C Graham
N Michele Holbrook 

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

The hydraulic system of vascular plants and its integrity is essential for plant survival. To transport water under tension, the walls of xylem conduits must approximate rigid pipes. Against this expectation, conduit deformation has been reported in the leaves of a few species, and hypothesized to function as a 'circuit breaker' against embolism. Experimental evidence is lacking and its generality is unknown. We demonstrated the role of conduit deformation in protecting the upstream xylem from embolism through experiments on three species, and surveyed a diverse selection of vascular plants for conduit deformation in leaves. Conduit deformation in minor veins occurred prior to embolism during slow-dehydration. When leaves were exposed to transient increases in transpiration, conduit deformation was accompanied by large water potential differences from leaf to stem and minimal embolism in the upstream xylem. In the three species tested, collapsible vein-endings provided clear protection of upstream xylem from embolism during transient increases in transpiration. We found conduit deformation in diverse vascular plants, including 11 eudicots, ginkgo, a cycad, a fern, a bamboo, a grass species, but not in two bamboo and a palm species, demonstrating that the potential for 'circuit breaker' functionality may be widespread across vascular plants.

Note:
Related Files :
conduit collapse
Embolism
transient water stress
Vapor pressure deficit
water stress
water transport
Xylem vessels
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/nph.18584
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
62931
Last updated date:
28/12/2022 14:47
Creation date:
28/12/2022 14:47
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Xylem conduit deformation across vascular plants: an evolutionary spandrel or protective valve?

Yong-Jiang Zhang 
Uri Hochberg
Fulton E Rockwell
Alexandre Ponomarenko
Ya-Jun Chen
Anju Manandhar
Adam C Graham
N Michele Holbrook 

Xylem conduit deformation across vascular plants: an evolutionary spandrel or protective valve?

The hydraulic system of vascular plants and its integrity is essential for plant survival. To transport water under tension, the walls of xylem conduits must approximate rigid pipes. Against this expectation, conduit deformation has been reported in the leaves of a few species, and hypothesized to function as a 'circuit breaker' against embolism. Experimental evidence is lacking and its generality is unknown. We demonstrated the role of conduit deformation in protecting the upstream xylem from embolism through experiments on three species, and surveyed a diverse selection of vascular plants for conduit deformation in leaves. Conduit deformation in minor veins occurred prior to embolism during slow-dehydration. When leaves were exposed to transient increases in transpiration, conduit deformation was accompanied by large water potential differences from leaf to stem and minimal embolism in the upstream xylem. In the three species tested, collapsible vein-endings provided clear protection of upstream xylem from embolism during transient increases in transpiration. We found conduit deformation in diverse vascular plants, including 11 eudicots, ginkgo, a cycad, a fern, a bamboo, a grass species, but not in two bamboo and a palm species, demonstrating that the potential for 'circuit breaker' functionality may be widespread across vascular plants.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in