נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Reducing dietary sodium of dairy cows fed a low-roughages diet affect intake and feed efficiency, but not yield
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Animal nurition
Authors :
Ben-Meir, Yehoshav
;
.
Jacoby, Shamay
;
.
Miron, Joshua
;
.
Moallem, Uzi
;
.
Volume :
12
Co-Authors:

Yehoshav A. Ben Meir
Yoav Shaani
Daniel Bikel
Yuri Portnik
Shamai Jacoby
Uzi Moallem
Joshua Miron
Eyal Frank

Facilitators :
From page:
1
To page:
6
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:

Wastewater from dairy farms has become a major environmental and economical concern. Sodium residue in treated and untreated wastewater from dairy farms used for irrigation can lead to soil and groundwater salinization, with the risk of soil degradation. We examined the effect of reducing sodium fed to mid to late lactating cows from 0.61% (high sodium [HS]) to 0.45% (low sodium [LS]) of dry matter on dry matter intake (DMI), milk and milk-component yields, eating behavior, apparent total track digestibility, feed efficiency, and sodium excretion into the environment. We randomly assigned 28 multiparous high-yielding ( > 35 kg milk/d) cows to 1 of 2 treatment groups (LS or HS) in a crossover design, with 7 d of adaptation and 28 d of data collection. Reducing sodium in the diet reduced sodium intake from 171 to 123 g/d while lowering sodium excreted in the manure by 22%. Energy corrected milk (ECM) yield (37.4 kg/d) and sodium excretion in the milk (33.7 g/d) were similar for both groups. The DMI of LS cows was lower than that of HS cows (27.3 vs. 28 kg/d) and consequently, feed efficiency of the LS cows was higher (1.40 vs. 1.35 ECM/DMI). Eating rate, meal and visit frequency, and eating time were similar for both treatments; meal and visit duration were longer for the HS cows, and meal and visit sizes tended to be larger. Digestibility of DM and amylase-treated neutral detergent fiber remained similar. Based on the results of this study, and discussed considerations, we recommend lowering the dietary sodium content for mid to late lactating cows in commercial herds to 0.52% of DM, in order to reduce sodium excretion to the environment via urine.

Note:
Related Files :
Eating behavior
Environmentally friendly dairy farm
Mineral absorption
sodium
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.aninu.2022.09.002
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
63147
Last updated date:
09/01/2023 17:04
Creation date:
09/01/2023 17:02
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Reducing dietary sodium of dairy cows fed a low-roughages diet affect intake and feed efficiency, but not yield
12

Yehoshav A. Ben Meir
Yoav Shaani
Daniel Bikel
Yuri Portnik
Shamai Jacoby
Uzi Moallem
Joshua Miron
Eyal Frank

Reducing dietary sodium of dairy cows fed a low-roughages diet affect intake and feed efficiency, but not yield

Wastewater from dairy farms has become a major environmental and economical concern. Sodium residue in treated and untreated wastewater from dairy farms used for irrigation can lead to soil and groundwater salinization, with the risk of soil degradation. We examined the effect of reducing sodium fed to mid to late lactating cows from 0.61% (high sodium [HS]) to 0.45% (low sodium [LS]) of dry matter on dry matter intake (DMI), milk and milk-component yields, eating behavior, apparent total track digestibility, feed efficiency, and sodium excretion into the environment. We randomly assigned 28 multiparous high-yielding ( > 35 kg milk/d) cows to 1 of 2 treatment groups (LS or HS) in a crossover design, with 7 d of adaptation and 28 d of data collection. Reducing sodium in the diet reduced sodium intake from 171 to 123 g/d while lowering sodium excreted in the manure by 22%. Energy corrected milk (ECM) yield (37.4 kg/d) and sodium excretion in the milk (33.7 g/d) were similar for both groups. The DMI of LS cows was lower than that of HS cows (27.3 vs. 28 kg/d) and consequently, feed efficiency of the LS cows was higher (1.40 vs. 1.35 ECM/DMI). Eating rate, meal and visit frequency, and eating time were similar for both treatments; meal and visit duration were longer for the HS cows, and meal and visit sizes tended to be larger. Digestibility of DM and amylase-treated neutral detergent fiber remained similar. Based on the results of this study, and discussed considerations, we recommend lowering the dietary sodium content for mid to late lactating cows in commercial herds to 0.52% of DM, in order to reduce sodium excretion to the environment via urine.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in