נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search

Dorin Harpaz
Hani Barhom
Boris Veltman
Pavel Ginzburg
Evgeni Eltzov

The growing biomedical challenges impose the continuous development of novel platforms. Ensuring the biocompatibility of drug delivery and implantable biomedical devices is an essential requirement. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of vaterite nanoparticles is a promising platform, which has demonstrated distinctive optical and biochemical properties, including high porosity and metastability. In this study, the biocompatibility of differently shaped CaCO3 vaterite particles (toroids, ellipsoids, and spheroids) are evaluated by bacterial toxicity mode-of-action with a whole-cell biosensor. Different Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains were used in the bioluminescent assay, including cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and quorum-sensing. Firstly, both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy characterizations were conducted. Bacterial cell death and aggregates were observed only in the highest tested concentration of the vaterite particles, especially in toroids 15–25 µm. After, the bioluminescent bacterial panel was exposed to the vaterite particles, and their bioluminescent signal reflected their toxicity mode-of-action. The vaterite particles resulted in an induction factor (IF > 1) on the bacterial panel, which was higher after exposure to the toroids (1.557 ≤ IF ≤ 2.271) and ellipsoids particles (1.712 ≤ IF ≤ 2.018), as compared to the spheroids particles (1.134 ≤ IF ≤ 1.494), in all the tested bacterial strains. Furthermore, the vaterite particles did not affect the viability of the bacterial cells. The bacterial monitoring demonstrated the biofriendly nature of especially spheroids vaterite nanoparticles.

Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Biocompatibility characterization of vaterite with a bacterial whole-cell biosensor
222

Dorin Harpaz
Hani Barhom
Boris Veltman
Pavel Ginzburg
Evgeni Eltzov

Biocompatibility characterization of vaterite with a bacterial whole-cell biosensor

The growing biomedical challenges impose the continuous development of novel platforms. Ensuring the biocompatibility of drug delivery and implantable biomedical devices is an essential requirement. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of vaterite nanoparticles is a promising platform, which has demonstrated distinctive optical and biochemical properties, including high porosity and metastability. In this study, the biocompatibility of differently shaped CaCO3 vaterite particles (toroids, ellipsoids, and spheroids) are evaluated by bacterial toxicity mode-of-action with a whole-cell biosensor. Different Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains were used in the bioluminescent assay, including cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and quorum-sensing. Firstly, both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy characterizations were conducted. Bacterial cell death and aggregates were observed only in the highest tested concentration of the vaterite particles, especially in toroids 15–25 µm. After, the bioluminescent bacterial panel was exposed to the vaterite particles, and their bioluminescent signal reflected their toxicity mode-of-action. The vaterite particles resulted in an induction factor (IF > 1) on the bacterial panel, which was higher after exposure to the toroids (1.557 ≤ IF ≤ 2.271) and ellipsoids particles (1.712 ≤ IF ≤ 2.018), as compared to the spheroids particles (1.134 ≤ IF ≤ 1.494), in all the tested bacterial strains. Furthermore, the vaterite particles did not affect the viability of the bacterial cells. The bacterial monitoring demonstrated the biofriendly nature of especially spheroids vaterite nanoparticles.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in