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Novel fluorescence spectroscopy method coupled with N-PLS-R and PLS-DA models for the quantification of cannabinoids and the classification of cannabis cultivars
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Phytochemical Analysis
Authors :
Kenigsbuch, David
;
.
Shimshoni, Jakob
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Matan Birenboim, 
David Kenigsbuch, 
Jakob A. Shimshoni

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Introduction
Cannabis sativa L. inflorescences are rich in secondary metabolites, particularly cannabinoids. The most common techniques for elucidating cannabinoid composition are expensive technologies, such as high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Objectives

We aimed to develop and evaluate the performance of a novel fluorescence spectroscopy-based method coupled with N-way partial least squares regression (N-PLS-R) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models to replace the expensive chromatographic methods for preharvest cannabinoid quantification.

Methodology
Fresh medicinal cannabis inflorescences were collected and ethanol extracts were prepared. Their excitation–emission spectra were measured using fluorescence spectroscopy and their cannabinoid contents were determined by HPLC-PDA. Subsequently, N-PLS-R and PLS-DA models were applied to the excitation–emission matrices (EEMs) for cannabinoid concentration prediction and cultivar classification, respectively.


Results
The N-PLS-R model was based on a set of EEMs (n = 82) and provided good to excellent quantification of (−)-Δ9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, cannabidiolic acid, cannabigerolic acid, cannabichromenic acid, and (−)-Δ9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol (R2CV and R2pred > 0.75; RPD > 2.3 and RPIQ > 3.5; RMSECV/RMSEC ratio < 1.4). The PLS-DA model enabled a clear distinction between the four major classes studied (sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the prediction sets were all ≥0.9).


Conclusions

The fluorescence spectral region (excitation 220–400 nm, emission 280–550 nm) harbors sufficient information for accurate prediction of cannabinoid contents and accurate classification using a relatively small data set.

Note:
Related Files :
Cannabinoids
Fluorescence spectroscopy
N-way partial least squares regression (N-PLS-R)
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1002/pca.3205
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
63286
Last updated date:
22/01/2023 17:09
Creation date:
22/01/2023 17:09
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Scientific Publication
Novel fluorescence spectroscopy method coupled with N-PLS-R and PLS-DA models for the quantification of cannabinoids and the classification of cannabis cultivars

Matan Birenboim, 
David Kenigsbuch, 
Jakob A. Shimshoni

Novel fluorescence spectroscopy method coupled with N-PLS-R and PLS-DA models for the quantification of cannabinoids and the classification of cannabis cultivars

Introduction
Cannabis sativa L. inflorescences are rich in secondary metabolites, particularly cannabinoids. The most common techniques for elucidating cannabinoid composition are expensive technologies, such as high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Objectives

We aimed to develop and evaluate the performance of a novel fluorescence spectroscopy-based method coupled with N-way partial least squares regression (N-PLS-R) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models to replace the expensive chromatographic methods for preharvest cannabinoid quantification.

Methodology
Fresh medicinal cannabis inflorescences were collected and ethanol extracts were prepared. Their excitation–emission spectra were measured using fluorescence spectroscopy and their cannabinoid contents were determined by HPLC-PDA. Subsequently, N-PLS-R and PLS-DA models were applied to the excitation–emission matrices (EEMs) for cannabinoid concentration prediction and cultivar classification, respectively.


Results
The N-PLS-R model was based on a set of EEMs (n = 82) and provided good to excellent quantification of (−)-Δ9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, cannabidiolic acid, cannabigerolic acid, cannabichromenic acid, and (−)-Δ9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol (R2CV and R2pred > 0.75; RPD > 2.3 and RPIQ > 3.5; RMSECV/RMSEC ratio < 1.4). The PLS-DA model enabled a clear distinction between the four major classes studied (sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the prediction sets were all ≥0.9).


Conclusions

The fluorescence spectral region (excitation 220–400 nm, emission 280–550 nm) harbors sufficient information for accurate prediction of cannabinoid contents and accurate classification using a relatively small data set.

Scientific Publication
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