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Proactive attenuation of arsenic-stress by nano-priming: Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper trigger antioxidant defense response and reduce root-shoot arsenic translocation
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Authors :
Saha, Bedabrata
;
.
Volume :
446
Co-Authors:

Swarnendra Banerjee
Jarzis Islam
Sourik Mondal
Anipa Saha
Bedabrata Saha
Arnab Sen

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Arsenic (As) stress is mainly responsible for hampering seed germination and plant development. Accumulation of As in grains poses a major threat to agricultural output and food security. This study sought to determine the feasibility of seed priming with biogenic Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (ZnONPs) to alleviate As-phytotoxicity in both seedlings and plants before the reproductive stage in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper (blackgram). This report is the first of its kind in depicting stress amelioration by nano-priming in blackgram. Under As stress, ZnONPs significantly enhanced blackgram seed germination rate (20–23.33%), and other morpho-physiological attributes. The incorporation of ZnONPs resulted in a decrease in reactive oxygen species build-up (hydrogen peroxide by 23–67%) and malondialdehyde (21–69%). Additionally, ZnONPs caused a surge in the accumulation of osmoregulators and activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase by 28–68%, catalase by 20–42%, guaiacol peroxidase by 19–49%, and ascorbate peroxidase by 26–39%). Results infer that ZnONPs play an immense role in mitigating As-toxicity by limiting its translocation from root to shoot. Together, this study offers the first evidence to show that nano-priming with ZnONPs can efficiently alleviate As-stress in blackgram, demonstrating its potential use as a stress-relieving agent in As-contaminated areas to increase growth and yield.

Note:
Related Files :
As-accumulation
Blackgram
reactive oxygen species
seed priming
ZnONPs
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More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.130735
Article number:
130735
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
63288
Last updated date:
22/01/2023 17:33
Creation date:
22/01/2023 17:33
Scientific Publication
Proactive attenuation of arsenic-stress by nano-priming: Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper trigger antioxidant defense response and reduce root-shoot arsenic translocation
446

Swarnendra Banerjee
Jarzis Islam
Sourik Mondal
Anipa Saha
Bedabrata Saha
Arnab Sen

Proactive attenuation of arsenic-stress by nano-priming: Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper trigger antioxidant defense response and reduce root-shoot arsenic translocation

Arsenic (As) stress is mainly responsible for hampering seed germination and plant development. Accumulation of As in grains poses a major threat to agricultural output and food security. This study sought to determine the feasibility of seed priming with biogenic Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (ZnONPs) to alleviate As-phytotoxicity in both seedlings and plants before the reproductive stage in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper (blackgram). This report is the first of its kind in depicting stress amelioration by nano-priming in blackgram. Under As stress, ZnONPs significantly enhanced blackgram seed germination rate (20–23.33%), and other morpho-physiological attributes. The incorporation of ZnONPs resulted in a decrease in reactive oxygen species build-up (hydrogen peroxide by 23–67%) and malondialdehyde (21–69%). Additionally, ZnONPs caused a surge in the accumulation of osmoregulators and activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase by 28–68%, catalase by 20–42%, guaiacol peroxidase by 19–49%, and ascorbate peroxidase by 26–39%). Results infer that ZnONPs play an immense role in mitigating As-toxicity by limiting its translocation from root to shoot. Together, this study offers the first evidence to show that nano-priming with ZnONPs can efficiently alleviate As-stress in blackgram, demonstrating its potential use as a stress-relieving agent in As-contaminated areas to increase growth and yield.

Scientific Publication
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