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Journal of Visualized Experiments

Shahar Cohen
Maxim Itkin
Adi Faigenboim
Rachel Davidovich-Rikanati
Einat Bar
Daniel Hasson
Nurit Shalev
Hinanit Koltai
Oded Sagee
Efraim Lewinsohn
Ben Spitzer-Rimon
Arthur A. Schaffer.

This paper presents a protocol for the convenient and high-throughput isolation and enrichment of glandular capitate stalked and sessile trichomes from Cannabis sativa. The biosynthetic pathways for cannabinoid and volatile terpene metabolism are localized primarily in the Cannabis trichomes, and isolated trichomes are beneficial for transcriptome analysis. The existing protocols for isolating glandular trichomes for transcriptomic characterization are inconvenient and deliver compromised trichome heads and a relatively low amount of isolated trichomes. Furthermore, they rely on expensive apparatus and isolation media containing protein inhibitors to avoid RNA degradation. The present protocol suggests combining three individual modifications to obtain a large amount of isolated glandular capitate stalked and sessile trichomes from C. sativa mature female inflorescences and fan leaves, respectively. The first modification involves substituting liquid nitrogen for the conventional isolation medium to facilitate the passage of trichomes through the micro-sieves. The second modification involves using dry ice to detach the trichomes from the plant source. The third modification involves passing the plant material consecutively through five micro-sieves of diminishing pore sizes. Microscopic imaging demonstrated the effectiveness of the isolation technique for both trichome types. In addition, the quality of RNA extracted from the isolated trichomes was appropriate for downstream transcriptomic analysis.

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Non-Aqueous Isolation and Enrichment of Glandular Capitate Stalked and Sessile Trichomes from Cannabis sativa

Shahar Cohen
Maxim Itkin
Adi Faigenboim
Rachel Davidovich-Rikanati
Einat Bar
Daniel Hasson
Nurit Shalev
Hinanit Koltai
Oded Sagee
Efraim Lewinsohn
Ben Spitzer-Rimon
Arthur A. Schaffer.

Non-Aqueous Isolation and Enrichment of Glandular Capitate Stalked and Sessile Trichomes from Cannabis sativa

This paper presents a protocol for the convenient and high-throughput isolation and enrichment of glandular capitate stalked and sessile trichomes from Cannabis sativa. The biosynthetic pathways for cannabinoid and volatile terpene metabolism are localized primarily in the Cannabis trichomes, and isolated trichomes are beneficial for transcriptome analysis. The existing protocols for isolating glandular trichomes for transcriptomic characterization are inconvenient and deliver compromised trichome heads and a relatively low amount of isolated trichomes. Furthermore, they rely on expensive apparatus and isolation media containing protein inhibitors to avoid RNA degradation. The present protocol suggests combining three individual modifications to obtain a large amount of isolated glandular capitate stalked and sessile trichomes from C. sativa mature female inflorescences and fan leaves, respectively. The first modification involves substituting liquid nitrogen for the conventional isolation medium to facilitate the passage of trichomes through the micro-sieves. The second modification involves using dry ice to detach the trichomes from the plant source. The third modification involves passing the plant material consecutively through five micro-sieves of diminishing pore sizes. Microscopic imaging demonstrated the effectiveness of the isolation technique for both trichome types. In addition, the quality of RNA extracted from the isolated trichomes was appropriate for downstream transcriptomic analysis.

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