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Plant physiology (source)

Edo Chalutz
Morris Lieberman
Hugh D. Sisler

Shake cultures, in contrast to static cultures of Penicillium digitatum grown in liquid medium, were induced by methionine to produce ethylene. The induction was concentration-dependent, and 7 mM was optimum for the methionine effect. In the presence of methionine, glucose (7 mM) enhanced ethylene production but did not itself induce ethylene production. The induction process lasted several hours, required the presence of viable mycelium, exhibited a lag period for ethylene production, and was effectively inhibited by cycloheximide and actinomycin D. Thus, the methionine-induced ethylene production appeared to involve induction of an enzyme system(s). Methionine not only induced ethylene production but was also utilized as a substrate since labeled ethylene was produced from [14C]methionine.

Following induction by the fungus, filtrates of induced shake cultures also evolved ethylene in increasing amounts by both enzymic and monenzymic reactions. Tracer experiments indicated that the ethylene released by the filtrate was derived from a fungal metabolite of methionine and not directly from methionine.

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Methionine-induced Ethylene Production by Penicillium digitatum
60(3)

Edo Chalutz
Morris Lieberman
Hugh D. Sisler

Methionine-induced Ethylene Production by Penicillium digitatum .

Shake cultures, in contrast to static cultures of Penicillium digitatum grown in liquid medium, were induced by methionine to produce ethylene. The induction was concentration-dependent, and 7 mM was optimum for the methionine effect. In the presence of methionine, glucose (7 mM) enhanced ethylene production but did not itself induce ethylene production. The induction process lasted several hours, required the presence of viable mycelium, exhibited a lag period for ethylene production, and was effectively inhibited by cycloheximide and actinomycin D. Thus, the methionine-induced ethylene production appeared to involve induction of an enzyme system(s). Methionine not only induced ethylene production but was also utilized as a substrate since labeled ethylene was produced from [14C]methionine.

Following induction by the fungus, filtrates of induced shake cultures also evolved ethylene in increasing amounts by both enzymic and monenzymic reactions. Tracer experiments indicated that the ethylene released by the filtrate was derived from a fungal metabolite of methionine and not directly from methionine.

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