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Pathogen Eradication in Garlic in the Phytobiome Context: Should We Aim for Complete Cleaning?
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Plants (journal)
Authors :
Doron-Faigenboim, Adi
;
.
Kamenetsky, Rina
;
.
Ment, Dana
;
.
Shemesh, Einat
;
.
Teper, Doron
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Itay Yarmus
Dana Gelbart
Einat Shemesh-Mayer
Doron Dov Teper 
Dana Ment
Adi Faigenboim
Ross Peters
Rina Kamenetsky-Goldstein 

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Global food production is challenged by plant pathogens that cause significant crop losses. Fungi, bacteria, and viruses have long threatened sustainable and profitable agriculture. The danger is even higher in vegetatively propagated horticultural crops, such as garlic. Currently, quarantine, rouging infected plants, and control of natural vectors are used as the main means of disease and pest control in garlic crops. Agricultural biotechnology, meristem-tip culture, and cryotherapy offer solutions for virus eradication and for the multiplication of 'clean stocks', but at the same time, impact the symbiotic and beneficial components of the garlic microbiome. Our research involves the first metatranscriptomic analysis of the microbiome of garlic bulb tissue, PCR analyses, and a biological assay of endophytes and pathogens. We have demonstrated that in vitro sanitation methods, such as shoot tip culture or cryotherapy can alter the garlic microbiome. Shoot tip culture proved ineffective in virus elimination, but reduced bacterial load and eliminated fungal infections. Conversely, cryotherapy was efficient in virus eradication but demolished other components of the garlic microbiome. Garlic plants sanitized by cryotherapy exhibited a lower survival rate, and a longer in vitro regeneration period. The question arises whether total eradication of viruses, at the expense of other microflora, is necessary, or if a partial reduction in the pathogenic load would suffice for sanitized garlic production. We explore this question from both scientific and commercial perspectives.

Note:
Related Files :
Allexivirus
Allium sativum
bacteria
Carlavirus
cryopreservation
fungi
Potyvirus
tissue culture
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.3390/plants12244125.
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
67560
Last updated date:
26/12/2023 01:21
Creation date:
26/12/2023 00:57
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Pathogen Eradication in Garlic in the Phytobiome Context: Should We Aim for Complete Cleaning?

Itay Yarmus
Dana Gelbart
Einat Shemesh-Mayer
Doron Dov Teper 
Dana Ment
Adi Faigenboim
Ross Peters
Rina Kamenetsky-Goldstein 

Pathogen Eradication in Garlic in the Phytobiome Context: Should We Aim for Complete Cleaning?

Global food production is challenged by plant pathogens that cause significant crop losses. Fungi, bacteria, and viruses have long threatened sustainable and profitable agriculture. The danger is even higher in vegetatively propagated horticultural crops, such as garlic. Currently, quarantine, rouging infected plants, and control of natural vectors are used as the main means of disease and pest control in garlic crops. Agricultural biotechnology, meristem-tip culture, and cryotherapy offer solutions for virus eradication and for the multiplication of 'clean stocks', but at the same time, impact the symbiotic and beneficial components of the garlic microbiome. Our research involves the first metatranscriptomic analysis of the microbiome of garlic bulb tissue, PCR analyses, and a biological assay of endophytes and pathogens. We have demonstrated that in vitro sanitation methods, such as shoot tip culture or cryotherapy can alter the garlic microbiome. Shoot tip culture proved ineffective in virus elimination, but reduced bacterial load and eliminated fungal infections. Conversely, cryotherapy was efficient in virus eradication but demolished other components of the garlic microbiome. Garlic plants sanitized by cryotherapy exhibited a lower survival rate, and a longer in vitro regeneration period. The question arises whether total eradication of viruses, at the expense of other microflora, is necessary, or if a partial reduction in the pathogenic load would suffice for sanitized garlic production. We explore this question from both scientific and commercial perspectives.

Scientific Publication
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