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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Exploring the distribution of Zn 2+ in inner and outer helmholtz planes of the electrical double layer of soil based on wien effect - Abstract
שנה:
2019
מחברים :
פרידמן, שמואל
;
.
כרך :
83
מחברים נוספים:

Wang, Y.-J., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Fan, T.-T., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China, Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sci., Beijing, 100049, China, Nanjing Inst. of Environ. Sci. State Environ. Protection Admin., Nanjing, 210042, China; Cui, P.-X., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Alves, M.E., Dep. of Exact Sciences ‘Luiz de Queiroz’ Agricultural College–ESALQ/USP, Piracicaba-SP, 13418-900, Brazil; Li, C.-B., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Zhou, D.-M., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China;  Sparks, D.L., Delaware Environ. Inst., Dep. of Plant and Soil Sci, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE  19717, United States

מנחים :
מעמוד:
97
עד עמוד:
106
(
סהכ עמודים:
10
)
תקציר:

The classical electrical double layer (EDL) theory explains the interaction between ions and charged soil colloidal particles, playing an importance role in the bioavailability and toxicity of ions in soils, which are of agricultural and environmental concern. A new approach based on extrapolating measurements of suspension Wien effect is suggested to determine the adsorbed ions distribution in the different compartments of the EDL. The new approach was applied to assess Zn 2+ distribution in the EDL of Zn-saturated soil colloids. The results showed that more than 84% of Zn 2+ was adsorbed via chemical interactions and located in the inner Helmholtz plane layer. The remaining Zn 2+ fraction was electrically adsorbed and distributed in the outer Helmholtz plane layer (0.3 to 2.1%) and in the Gouy–Chapman diffuse layer (7.4 to 15.0%). Independently, the results of linear combination fitting of extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra indicated that the contents of outer-sphere Zn in one paddy soil and the boggy soil were consistent with the proportions of Zn 2+ electrostatically interacting with the soil colloids based on the extrapolation of the suspension Wien effect method, while the contents of outer-sphere Zn in a second paddy soil, the yellow cinnamon soil, and the yellow brown soil was overestimated by the EXAFS method. The approach proposed in this paper to assess specific and electrostatic adsorption deepens our understanding of metal sorption processes in soils and reinforces the adequacy of the Grahame–Stern–Gouy–Chapman model of the EDL to describe the ion distribution in the solid-water interface. © Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison WI 53711 USA.

הערות:
קבצים קשורים :
chemical interaction
Cinnamomum verum
Extended X ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy
Soils
ביוכימיה
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
פרטים נוספים
מזהה עצם דיגיטלי :
10.2136/sssaj2018.07.0272
מס' מאמר:
0
שיוך:
מאגר מידע:
סקופוס
סוג חומר:
מאמר
;
.
שפה:
אנגלית
הערות לעורכים:
מזהה:
39514
עודכן לאחרונה:
02/03/2022 17:27
תאריך יצירה:
12/03/2019 12:03
אולי יעניין אותך גם
פרסום מדעי
Exploring the distribution of Zn 2+ in inner and outer helmholtz planes of the electrical double layer of soil based on wien effect - Abstract
83

Wang, Y.-J., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Fan, T.-T., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China, Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sci., Beijing, 100049, China, Nanjing Inst. of Environ. Sci. State Environ. Protection Admin., Nanjing, 210042, China; Cui, P.-X., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Alves, M.E., Dep. of Exact Sciences ‘Luiz de Queiroz’ Agricultural College–ESALQ/USP, Piracicaba-SP, 13418-900, Brazil; Li, C.-B., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China; Zhou, D.-M., Key Lab. of Soil Environ. and Pollut. Rem. Inst. of Soil Sci.,, Chinese Academy of Sci., Nanjing, 210008, China;  Sparks, D.L., Delaware Environ. Inst., Dep. of Plant and Soil Sci, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE  19717, United States

Exploring the distribution of Zn 2+ in inner and outer helmholtz planes of the electrical double layer of soil based on wien effect

The classical electrical double layer (EDL) theory explains the interaction between ions and charged soil colloidal particles, playing an importance role in the bioavailability and toxicity of ions in soils, which are of agricultural and environmental concern. A new approach based on extrapolating measurements of suspension Wien effect is suggested to determine the adsorbed ions distribution in the different compartments of the EDL. The new approach was applied to assess Zn 2+ distribution in the EDL of Zn-saturated soil colloids. The results showed that more than 84% of Zn 2+ was adsorbed via chemical interactions and located in the inner Helmholtz plane layer. The remaining Zn 2+ fraction was electrically adsorbed and distributed in the outer Helmholtz plane layer (0.3 to 2.1%) and in the Gouy–Chapman diffuse layer (7.4 to 15.0%). Independently, the results of linear combination fitting of extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra indicated that the contents of outer-sphere Zn in one paddy soil and the boggy soil were consistent with the proportions of Zn 2+ electrostatically interacting with the soil colloids based on the extrapolation of the suspension Wien effect method, while the contents of outer-sphere Zn in a second paddy soil, the yellow cinnamon soil, and the yellow brown soil was overestimated by the EXAFS method. The approach proposed in this paper to assess specific and electrostatic adsorption deepens our understanding of metal sorption processes in soils and reinforces the adequacy of the Grahame–Stern–Gouy–Chapman model of the EDL to describe the ion distribution in the solid-water interface. © Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison WI 53711 USA.

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