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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Strengthening fruit-skin resistance to growth strain by application of plant growth regulators
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
גינזברג, עידית
;
.
Volume :
198
Co-Authors:
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat Shmona, Israel, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
150
To page:
153
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Russeting and cracking of fruit skin are major disorders that limit fruit quality and marketability. The causes suggested to be environmental condition, orchard management and failure of the skin to resist surface tensions due to fruit expansion. Basically, fruit skin is made of epidermis cells and cuticular matrix. Increased cuticle thickness, higher epidermal cell density and cell morphology that support strong adhesion between neighboring cells are characteristic of fruits tolerant to cracking compared to susceptible genotypes.Apple is being increasingly considered as a model for fruit development studies. Recently, spraying a mixture of gibberellin A4plusA7 (GA4+7) and the cytokinin 6-benzyl adenine (BA) at cell division stage of apple fruit development was shown to result with reduced incidence of skin cracking by maintaining a higher number of epidermal cells compared to untreated fruit.Various treatments with plant growth regulators (PGR) were tested for controlling cracking incidence in other fruits, including tomato, pear, persimmon, apricot, grape, mandarin and kiwi. We hypothesize a common mechanism for BA+GA4+7 effect on fruit skin, and propose to view the skin as a tissue whose characteristics may be manipulated to improve its resistance to environmental and growth strains.The review paper links practical approaches in the orchard to control costly yield losses with (limited) knowledge on fruit skin anatomy and development, and discussed the hypothesis that similar treatments may be applied with various agricultural important fruits. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Apple
cytokinin
Diospyros
Lycopersicon esculentum
Malus x domestica
Plant growth regulator
Prunus armeniaca
Vitaceae
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2015.11.016
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
סקירה
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19456
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:29
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Scientific Publication
Strengthening fruit-skin resistance to growth strain by application of plant growth regulators
198
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat Shmona, Israel, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee, Israel
Strengthening fruit-skin resistance to growth strain by application of plant growth regulators
Russeting and cracking of fruit skin are major disorders that limit fruit quality and marketability. The causes suggested to be environmental condition, orchard management and failure of the skin to resist surface tensions due to fruit expansion. Basically, fruit skin is made of epidermis cells and cuticular matrix. Increased cuticle thickness, higher epidermal cell density and cell morphology that support strong adhesion between neighboring cells are characteristic of fruits tolerant to cracking compared to susceptible genotypes.Apple is being increasingly considered as a model for fruit development studies. Recently, spraying a mixture of gibberellin A4plusA7 (GA4+7) and the cytokinin 6-benzyl adenine (BA) at cell division stage of apple fruit development was shown to result with reduced incidence of skin cracking by maintaining a higher number of epidermal cells compared to untreated fruit.Various treatments with plant growth regulators (PGR) were tested for controlling cracking incidence in other fruits, including tomato, pear, persimmon, apricot, grape, mandarin and kiwi. We hypothesize a common mechanism for BA+GA4+7 effect on fruit skin, and propose to view the skin as a tissue whose characteristics may be manipulated to improve its resistance to environmental and growth strains.The review paper links practical approaches in the orchard to control costly yield losses with (limited) knowledge on fruit skin anatomy and development, and discussed the hypothesis that similar treatments may be applied with various agricultural important fruits. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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