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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Integrated management of sudden wilt in melons, caused by Monosporascus cannonballus, using grafting and reduced rates of methyl bromide
Year:
1999
Source of publication :
Plant Disease
Authors :
אדלשטיין, מנחם
;
.
בורגר, יוסף
;
.
כהן, רוני
;
.
שטיינברג, דני
;
.
שרייבר, שושנה
;
.
Volume :
83
Co-Authors:
Edelstein, M., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Cohen, R., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Burger, Y., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Shriber, S., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Pivonia, S., 'Arava Research and Development, Sapir 86825, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Volcani Center, A.R.O., Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1142
To page:
1145
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Sudden wilt of melons induced by Monosporascus cannonballus is a worldwide problem, mainly in arid and semi-arid regions. Soil disinfestation by fumigation with methyl bromide is a common and very effective treatment for disease control. However, methyl bromide is expected to be banned from use within the next 5 to 10 years; therefore, alternative measures for disease management are urgently needed. In this study, the efficacy of methyl bromide at a reduced rate (15 g/m2 instead of 50 g/m2) and grafted plants, alone or in combination, was examined. Experiments were conducted in the 'Arava region in southern Israel in naturally infested fields. First, various rootstock accessions were tested in three experiments. Of the eight rootstocks evaluated, cv. Brava (Cucurbita maxima) was selected to serve as a rootstock in the subsequent experiments due to its effects on wilt reduction (63 to 100% reduction in two experiments and 35% reduction in one experiment) and its horticultural performance. Next, integration of grafting and a reduced rate of methyl bromide was tested in two experiments. The reduced methyl bromide rate suppressed disease, but results were variable (32 and 91% reduction in the two experiments). Grafting, when used alone, significantly reduced wilt incidence by 84 to 87% compared to untreated plots. Integration of the two control measures provided adequate and reliable results and wilt incidence was always significantly lower (75 to 100% reduction) than incidence in untreated plots. Because control by each measure alone varies, integrated application is preferable.
Note:
Related Files :
Cucurbita maxima
fumigation
Grafting
integrated pest management
methyl bromide
Monosporascus cannonballus
plant disease control
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24692
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:09
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Scientific Publication
Integrated management of sudden wilt in melons, caused by Monosporascus cannonballus, using grafting and reduced rates of methyl bromide
83
Edelstein, M., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Cohen, R., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Burger, Y., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Shriber, S., Department of Vegetable Crops, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O.B. 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Pivonia, S., 'Arava Research and Development, Sapir 86825, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Volcani Center, A.R.O., Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Integrated management of sudden wilt in melons, caused by Monosporascus cannonballus, using grafting and reduced rates of methyl bromide
Sudden wilt of melons induced by Monosporascus cannonballus is a worldwide problem, mainly in arid and semi-arid regions. Soil disinfestation by fumigation with methyl bromide is a common and very effective treatment for disease control. However, methyl bromide is expected to be banned from use within the next 5 to 10 years; therefore, alternative measures for disease management are urgently needed. In this study, the efficacy of methyl bromide at a reduced rate (15 g/m2 instead of 50 g/m2) and grafted plants, alone or in combination, was examined. Experiments were conducted in the 'Arava region in southern Israel in naturally infested fields. First, various rootstock accessions were tested in three experiments. Of the eight rootstocks evaluated, cv. Brava (Cucurbita maxima) was selected to serve as a rootstock in the subsequent experiments due to its effects on wilt reduction (63 to 100% reduction in two experiments and 35% reduction in one experiment) and its horticultural performance. Next, integration of grafting and a reduced rate of methyl bromide was tested in two experiments. The reduced methyl bromide rate suppressed disease, but results were variable (32 and 91% reduction in the two experiments). Grafting, when used alone, significantly reduced wilt incidence by 84 to 87% compared to untreated plots. Integration of the two control measures provided adequate and reliable results and wilt incidence was always significantly lower (75 to 100% reduction) than incidence in untreated plots. Because control by each measure alone varies, integrated application is preferable.
Scientific Publication
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