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Geoderma
Bernier, M.-H., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Irrigation water quality can affect the composition and properties of soil organic matter (SOM). This study used a direct analysis of bulk soil samples with transmission Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy to assess the possible SOM compositional changes induced by irrigation water quality in different soil types. Soils were sampled in Israeli fields irrigated over 5 to 12years with freshwater (FW) or secondary treated wastewater (TWW) characterized by a biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids not exceeding 20 and 30mgL-1, respectively. A peak height ratio analysis was performed using the absorbance (at 800-795cm-1) of quartz present in the soils as an internal reference to identify possible changes in soil content of hydrophobic (aliphatic) CH groups (absorbing at 2968-2838cm-1) and hydrophilic components (absorbing at 1645-1626cm-1). The results revealed that (1) short-term TWW irrigation (5years), as compared with FW irrigation, had no statistically significant effect on the presence of aliphatic CH and hydrophilic components in three of the four soils studied; (2) only loamy sand irrigated with TWW for both short- and long-term (10years) was enriched by hydrophilic components as compared with loamy sand irrigated with FW. No relation was established between the accumulation of hydrophobic components in SOM and clay or sand content in soils. For samples of a sandy clay collected "in-row" near the dripper line, long-term irrigation (12years) with either FW or TWW resulted in a SOM composition similar to that of samples collected "between rows", midway between two neighboring rows. Conversely, for "in-row" samples of a clay, short-term TWW irrigation (5years) resulted in the depletion of SOM and of both the aliphatic CH and hydrophilic components as compared to "between rows" samples. The results showed no evidence to suggest that irrigation with TWW affected the relative abundance of hydrophobic aliphatic to hydrophilic components in the soils studied. However, no definite conclusions can be drawn regarding (i) the relative changes in soil contents of aromatic moieties and (ii) the contribution of various functional groups to the hydrophilic components. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Organic matter composition in soils irrigated with treated wastewater: FT-IR spectroscopic analysis of bulk soil samples
209-210
Bernier, M.-H., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Organic matter composition in soils irrigated with treated wastewater: FT-IR spectroscopic analysis of bulk soil samples
Irrigation water quality can affect the composition and properties of soil organic matter (SOM). This study used a direct analysis of bulk soil samples with transmission Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy to assess the possible SOM compositional changes induced by irrigation water quality in different soil types. Soils were sampled in Israeli fields irrigated over 5 to 12years with freshwater (FW) or secondary treated wastewater (TWW) characterized by a biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids not exceeding 20 and 30mgL-1, respectively. A peak height ratio analysis was performed using the absorbance (at 800-795cm-1) of quartz present in the soils as an internal reference to identify possible changes in soil content of hydrophobic (aliphatic) CH groups (absorbing at 2968-2838cm-1) and hydrophilic components (absorbing at 1645-1626cm-1). The results revealed that (1) short-term TWW irrigation (5years), as compared with FW irrigation, had no statistically significant effect on the presence of aliphatic CH and hydrophilic components in three of the four soils studied; (2) only loamy sand irrigated with TWW for both short- and long-term (10years) was enriched by hydrophilic components as compared with loamy sand irrigated with FW. No relation was established between the accumulation of hydrophobic components in SOM and clay or sand content in soils. For samples of a sandy clay collected "in-row" near the dripper line, long-term irrigation (12years) with either FW or TWW resulted in a SOM composition similar to that of samples collected "between rows", midway between two neighboring rows. Conversely, for "in-row" samples of a clay, short-term TWW irrigation (5years) resulted in the depletion of SOM and of both the aliphatic CH and hydrophilic components as compared to "between rows" samples. The results showed no evidence to suggest that irrigation with TWW affected the relative abundance of hydrophobic aliphatic to hydrophilic components in the soils studied. However, no definite conclusions can be drawn regarding (i) the relative changes in soil contents of aromatic moieties and (ii) the contribution of various functional groups to the hydrophilic components. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication