נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
תחביר
חפש...
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
ניהול
קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Interrelationships between "Candidatus phytoplasma asteris" and its leafhopper vectors (Homoptera: Cicadellidae)
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Journal of Economic Entomology
Authors :
רקח, בנימין
;
.
Volume :
100
Co-Authors:
Bosco, D., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
Galetto, L., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy, Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Leoncini, P., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy, Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Saracco, P., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
Raccah, B., Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Marzachì, C., Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Facilitators :
From page:
1504
To page:
1511
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The titer of chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma (CYP, "Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris") in the three vector species Euscelis incisus Kirschbaum, Euscelidius variegatus Kirschbaum, and Macrosteles quadripunctulatus Kirschbaum (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) was measured after controlled acquisition from infected Chrysanthemum carinatum (Schousboe) (daisy) plants. Phytoplasma DNA was quantified in relation to insect DNA (genome units [GU] of phytoplasma DNA per ng of insect DNA) by using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure. The increase in phytoplasma titer recorded in hoppers after they were transferred to plants that were nonhosts for CYP provides definitive evidence for phytoplasma multiplication in leaf-hoppers. CYP multiplication over time in M. quadripunctulatus was much faster than in E. incisus and E. variegatus. CYP titer was also highest in M. quadripunctulatus, and this was reflected in the latent period in the insect. The mean latent period of CYP in M. quadripunctulatus was 18 d versus 30 d in E. variegatus. M. quadripunctulatus was the most efficient vector, giving 100% transmission for single insects compared with 75-82% for E. incisus or E. variegatus, respectively. By sequential transmission, we analyzed the time course of transmission: E. variegatus were persistently infective for life or until shortly before death. Occasionally, leafhoppers failed to maintain continuity of infectivity even after completion of the latent period. PCR analysis of transmitter and nontransmitter E. variegatus adults showed that some nontransmitters were CYP positive, whereas others were CYP negative. These findings suggest that both midgut and salivary gland barriers play a role in transmission efficiency. © 2007 Entomological Society of America.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
Auchenorrhyncha
Chrysanthemum
Genetics
Growth, Development and Aging
Phytoplasma
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31805
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:05
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Interrelationships between "Candidatus phytoplasma asteris" and its leafhopper vectors (Homoptera: Cicadellidae)
100
Bosco, D., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
Galetto, L., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy, Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Leoncini, P., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy, Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Saracco, P., Di.Va.P.R.A.-Entomologia e Zoologia Applicate all'Ambiente Carlo Vidano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
Raccah, B., Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Marzachì, C., Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacee 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Interrelationships between "Candidatus phytoplasma asteris" and its leafhopper vectors (Homoptera: Cicadellidae)
The titer of chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma (CYP, "Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris") in the three vector species Euscelis incisus Kirschbaum, Euscelidius variegatus Kirschbaum, and Macrosteles quadripunctulatus Kirschbaum (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) was measured after controlled acquisition from infected Chrysanthemum carinatum (Schousboe) (daisy) plants. Phytoplasma DNA was quantified in relation to insect DNA (genome units [GU] of phytoplasma DNA per ng of insect DNA) by using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure. The increase in phytoplasma titer recorded in hoppers after they were transferred to plants that were nonhosts for CYP provides definitive evidence for phytoplasma multiplication in leaf-hoppers. CYP multiplication over time in M. quadripunctulatus was much faster than in E. incisus and E. variegatus. CYP titer was also highest in M. quadripunctulatus, and this was reflected in the latent period in the insect. The mean latent period of CYP in M. quadripunctulatus was 18 d versus 30 d in E. variegatus. M. quadripunctulatus was the most efficient vector, giving 100% transmission for single insects compared with 75-82% for E. incisus or E. variegatus, respectively. By sequential transmission, we analyzed the time course of transmission: E. variegatus were persistently infective for life or until shortly before death. Occasionally, leafhoppers failed to maintain continuity of infectivity even after completion of the latent period. PCR analysis of transmitter and nontransmitter E. variegatus adults showed that some nontransmitters were CYP positive, whereas others were CYP negative. These findings suggest that both midgut and salivary gland barriers play a role in transmission efficiency. © 2007 Entomological Society of America.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in