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Effects of rootstock and soil disinfection on quality of grafted watermelon fruit (Citrullus lanatus L.): a two-year study
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Israel Journal of Plant Sciences
Authors :
Alkalai-Tuvia, Sharon
;
.
Beniches, Marina
;
.
Chalupowicz, Daniel
;
.
Fallik, Elazar
;
.
Gamliel, Abraham
;
.
Zaaroor, Merav
;
.
Zutahy, Yohanan
;
.
Volume :
63
Co-Authors:
Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zaaroor, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Beniches, M., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gamliel, A., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
38
To page:
44
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Grafting is a rapid, effective alternative to the relatively slow methodology of breeding, to provide crop plants with increased tolerance to environmental stress and better yield and quality of fruit vegetables. We evaluated the effect of grafting and soil disinfestation on pre- and postharvest parameters in two consecutive years. In both 2013 and 2014, soil disinfection significantly improved the viability of nongrafted plants compared to the same plants grown in nontreated soil. In both years, plants which were grafted on “Nurit” or “TZ” rootstocks showed significantly better vine vigor, with no evidence of disease in either disinfested or nontreated soil. The yield of marketable watermelon fruit was significantly higher in grafted versus nongrafted plants. Grafting significantly influenced watermelon rind color and flesh color, and strongly influenced taste and texture. Watermelon fruit harvested from plants grafted on “Nurit” were tastier and had better flesh texture than fruit harvested from “TZ”-grafted plants. Disinfection during those two years affected only seed formation. The year factor highly influenced rind color, total soluble solids (TSS) near the rind, TSS at the fruit's heart, taste, and texture. An interaction between grafting and year was found on flesh and TSS near the rind. No grafting × disinfection × year interaction was found. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrullus lanatus
crop plant
food quality
harvesting
horticulture
Postharvest
Rootstock
taste
vine
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1080/07929978.2016.1151287
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24095
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:05
Scientific Publication
Effects of rootstock and soil disinfection on quality of grafted watermelon fruit (Citrullus lanatus L.): a two-year study
63
Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zaaroor, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Beniches, M., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gamliel, A., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Effects of rootstock and soil disinfection on quality of grafted watermelon fruit (Citrullus lanatus L.): a two-year study
Grafting is a rapid, effective alternative to the relatively slow methodology of breeding, to provide crop plants with increased tolerance to environmental stress and better yield and quality of fruit vegetables. We evaluated the effect of grafting and soil disinfestation on pre- and postharvest parameters in two consecutive years. In both 2013 and 2014, soil disinfection significantly improved the viability of nongrafted plants compared to the same plants grown in nontreated soil. In both years, plants which were grafted on “Nurit” or “TZ” rootstocks showed significantly better vine vigor, with no evidence of disease in either disinfested or nontreated soil. The yield of marketable watermelon fruit was significantly higher in grafted versus nongrafted plants. Grafting significantly influenced watermelon rind color and flesh color, and strongly influenced taste and texture. Watermelon fruit harvested from plants grafted on “Nurit” were tastier and had better flesh texture than fruit harvested from “TZ”-grafted plants. Disinfection during those two years affected only seed formation. The year factor highly influenced rind color, total soluble solids (TSS) near the rind, TSS at the fruit's heart, taste, and texture. An interaction between grafting and year was found on flesh and TSS near the rind. No grafting × disinfection × year interaction was found. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
Scientific Publication
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