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Nan, M.-N. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China; College of Horticulture, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Bi, Y. - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Xue, H.-L. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Long, H.-T. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Xue, S.-L. - College of Horticulture, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Pu, L.-M. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.  
Prusky, D. - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China; Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, the Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel.

Amino and thiolated aptamers are the main aptamers used to construct label-free electrochemical impedimetric aptasensors. In this study, the modification performance and electrochemical properties of amino aptamers and thiolated aptamers were studied in the construction of label-free impedimetric sensors. The results showed that the initial modification density of amino aptamers was higher than that of thiol aptamers. Aptamers can recognize and bind OTA to generate electrical signals. The higher the density of aptamer modification was, the better the electric signals were. If only considering the initial modification density, amino aptamers were more suitable for the preparation of aptasensors than thiolated aptamers. However, the modification density of the amino aptamer decreased with the prolonged immersion time in 1 mM HCl solution, which suggests that the stability of this sensor was poor. However, the thiolated aptamer maintained relatively constant density and could be reused. Thus, the thiolated aptasensor had a wide range and good reproducibility and stability for the determination of ochratoxin A (OTA). In addition, this study proved that gold nanoparticles play an important role in signal amplification by increasing the effective gold surface to fix more aptamers in the process of sensor preparation.

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Modification performance and electrochemical characteristics of different groups of modified aptamers applied for label-free electrochemical impedimetric sensors
337

Nan, M.-N. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China; College of Horticulture, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Bi, Y. - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Xue, H.-L. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Long, H.-T. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Xue, S.-L. - College of Horticulture, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.
Pu, L.-M. - College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China.  
Prusky, D. - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, 730070, China; Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, the Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel.

Modification performance and electrochemical characteristics of different groups of modified aptamers applied for label-free electrochemical impedimetric sensors

Amino and thiolated aptamers are the main aptamers used to construct label-free electrochemical impedimetric aptasensors. In this study, the modification performance and electrochemical properties of amino aptamers and thiolated aptamers were studied in the construction of label-free impedimetric sensors. The results showed that the initial modification density of amino aptamers was higher than that of thiol aptamers. Aptamers can recognize and bind OTA to generate electrical signals. The higher the density of aptamer modification was, the better the electric signals were. If only considering the initial modification density, amino aptamers were more suitable for the preparation of aptasensors than thiolated aptamers. However, the modification density of the amino aptamer decreased with the prolonged immersion time in 1 mM HCl solution, which suggests that the stability of this sensor was poor. However, the thiolated aptamer maintained relatively constant density and could be reused. Thus, the thiolated aptasensor had a wide range and good reproducibility and stability for the determination of ochratoxin A (OTA). In addition, this study proved that gold nanoparticles play an important role in signal amplification by increasing the effective gold surface to fix more aptamers in the process of sensor preparation.

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