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Effects of modification of the transcription initiation site context on citrus tristeza virus subgenomic RNA synthesis
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Journal of Virology
Authors :
Mawassi, Munir
;
.
Volume :
77
Co-Authors:
Ayllón, M.A., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Gowda, S., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Satyanarayana, T., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Karasev, A.V., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Thomas Jefferson University, Doylestown, PA 18901, United States
Adkins, S., U.S. Hort. Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945, United States
Mawassi, M., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Department of Virology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan 50259, Israel
Guerri, J., Inst. Valenciano de Invest. Agrarias, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain
Moreno, P., Inst. Valenciano de Invest. Agrarias, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain
Dawson, W.O., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Rd., Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
9232
To page:
9243
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a member of the Closteroviridae, has a positive-sense RNA genome of about 20 kb organized into 12 open reading frames (ORFs). The last 10 ORFs are expressed through 3′-coterminal subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) regulated in both amounts and timing. Additionally, relatively large amounts of complementary sgRNAs are produced. We have been unable to determine whether these sgRNAs are produced by internal promotion from the full-length template minus strand or by transcription from the minus-stranded sgRNAs. Understanding the regulation of 10 sgRNAs is a conceptual challenge. In analyzing commonalities of a replicase complex in producing so many sgRNAs, we examined initiating nucleotides of the sgRNAs. We mapped the 5′ termini of intermediate- (CP and p13) and low- (p18) produced sgRNAs that, like the two highly abundant sgRNAs (p20 and p23) previously mapped, all initiate with an adenylate. We then examined modifications of the initiation site, which has been shown to be useful in defining mechanisms of sgRNA synthesis. Surprisingly, mutation of the initiating nucleotide of the CTV sgRNAs did not prevent sgRNA accumulation. Based on our results, the CTV replication complex appears to initiate sgRNA synthesis with purines, preferably with adenylates, and is able to initiate synthesis using a nucleotide a few positions 5′ or 3′ of the native initiation nucleotide. Furthermore, the context of the initiation site appears to be a regulatory mechanism for levels of sgRNA production. These data do not support either of the established mechanisms for synthesis of sgRNAs, suggesting that CTV sgRNA production utilizes a different mechanism.
Note:
Related Files :
Base Sequence
gene mapping
RNA directed RNA polymerase
viral genetics
virus RNA
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1128/JVI.77.17.9232-9243.2003
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28051
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:36
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Scientific Publication
Effects of modification of the transcription initiation site context on citrus tristeza virus subgenomic RNA synthesis
77
Ayllón, M.A., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Gowda, S., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Satyanarayana, T., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Karasev, A.V., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Thomas Jefferson University, Doylestown, PA 18901, United States
Adkins, S., U.S. Hort. Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945, United States
Mawassi, M., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Department of Virology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan 50259, Israel
Guerri, J., Inst. Valenciano de Invest. Agrarias, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain
Moreno, P., Inst. Valenciano de Invest. Agrarias, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain
Dawson, W.O., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Rd., Lake Alfred, FL 33850, United States
Effects of modification of the transcription initiation site context on citrus tristeza virus subgenomic RNA synthesis
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a member of the Closteroviridae, has a positive-sense RNA genome of about 20 kb organized into 12 open reading frames (ORFs). The last 10 ORFs are expressed through 3′-coterminal subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) regulated in both amounts and timing. Additionally, relatively large amounts of complementary sgRNAs are produced. We have been unable to determine whether these sgRNAs are produced by internal promotion from the full-length template minus strand or by transcription from the minus-stranded sgRNAs. Understanding the regulation of 10 sgRNAs is a conceptual challenge. In analyzing commonalities of a replicase complex in producing so many sgRNAs, we examined initiating nucleotides of the sgRNAs. We mapped the 5′ termini of intermediate- (CP and p13) and low- (p18) produced sgRNAs that, like the two highly abundant sgRNAs (p20 and p23) previously mapped, all initiate with an adenylate. We then examined modifications of the initiation site, which has been shown to be useful in defining mechanisms of sgRNA synthesis. Surprisingly, mutation of the initiating nucleotide of the CTV sgRNAs did not prevent sgRNA accumulation. Based on our results, the CTV replication complex appears to initiate sgRNA synthesis with purines, preferably with adenylates, and is able to initiate synthesis using a nucleotide a few positions 5′ or 3′ of the native initiation nucleotide. Furthermore, the context of the initiation site appears to be a regulatory mechanism for levels of sgRNA production. These data do not support either of the established mechanisms for synthesis of sgRNAs, suggesting that CTV sgRNA production utilizes a different mechanism.
Scientific Publication
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